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Table 2 Unadjusted (univariate) analysis of background variables associated with timely and delayed treatment

From: Socio-cultural determinants of timely and delayed treatment of Buruli ulcer: implications for disease control

Socio-demographic variables Timely treatment N = 178 P-values
OR (95% CI)
Sex   
Males Ref  
Females 1.4 (0.72, 2.73) 0.324
Age   
Less than 15-years-of age Ref  
15-30 years 0.6 (0.29, 1.38) 0.249
30-45 years 0.5 (0.12, 1.74) 0.252
≥ 45 years 0.8 (0.27, 2.14) 0.601
Education   
Primary Ref  
Secondary and above 1.1 (0.50, 2.45) 0.795
No education 0.5 (0.19, 1.21) 0.118
Occupation   
Pupil/student Ref  
Unskilled labour 0.6 (0.28, 1.42) 0.265
Skilled labourer/Professional 0.2 (0.02, 1.47) 0.110
Unemployed 0.4 (0.08, 1.73) 0.205
Other (too young to be either employed or in school) 2.9 (0.62, 13.86) 0.176
Income   
Irregular Ref  
Uncertain/ Cannot tell 1.2 (0.55, 2.52) 0.663
Irregular 1.9 (0.78, 4.67) 0.166
Marital status   
Never married Ref  
Married 0.9 (0.42, 2.03) 0.833
Separated / divorced and widowed 0.7 (0.19, 2.69) 0.610
  1. * Odds ratios, confidence intervals and p-values for all variables included in the adjusted model are shown in the table. OR = odds ratios, CI = confidence intervals Timely treatment is defined as seeking treatment < 3 months from first awareness of symptoms to appropriate help-seeking.