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Table 3 Association of socio-demographic characteristics and other risk factors with pulmonary tuberculosis in respondents at the Dessie referral hospital, from February to April 2012

From: Smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis among diabetic patients at the Dessie referral hospital, Northeast Ethiopia

Characteristics PTB infection COR(95% CI) AOR(95% CI) P-value
−ve(n) +ve(n)
Sex      
 Male 105 11 3.7(1.04–13.65) 3.6(0.77–16.73) 0.103
 Female 106 3 1.00 1.00  
Religion      
 Christian 106 3 1.00 1.00 0.034
 Muslim 105 11 3.7(1.04–13.648) 5.03(1.13–22.42)  
Place of residence      
 Urban 128 11 2.38(0.64–8.778) 5.5(1.07–28.20) 0.041
 Rural 83 3 1.00 1.00  
Smoking      
 Yes 5 2 6.87(1.21–39.12)   
 No 206 12 1.00   
Past history of TB      
 Yes 20 6 7.16(2.26–22.72) 13.4(2.74–65.73) 0.001
 No 191 8 1.00 1.00  
Presence of TB patients in the family      
 Yes 23 5 4.54(1.40–14.72) 9.4(1.82–48.50) 0.007
 No 188 9 1.00 1.00  
Duration of DM      
 ≤5 years 129 3 1.00 1.00 0.025
 6–10 years 56 5 3.84(0.88–16.62) 4.01(0.48–16.43)  
 >10 years 26 6 9.92(2.33–42.24) 8.89(1.88–58.12)  
  1. −ve = negative.
  2. +ve = positive.