Networks for diagnostics research collaborations among the top 50 most productive institutions (within and outside the ASEAN) based on articles on diagnostics. Size of the nodes indicates relative number of articles. Thicker links indicate more instances of collaboration between the two institutions. Blue nodes are institutions in the ASEAN, while orange nodes represent institutions outside the ASEAN. Thai, Singaporean, and Malaysian universities and research centers have most of the collaborations on publications on diagnostics compared with the other ASEAN countries. Most of the collaborations are with the ASEAN member states but there are some collaborations with research centers in the United States, Great Britain, Australia, and Switzerland .