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Table 2 Number of institutions involved in drug, diagnostics, vaccines, and traditional medicine development in the ASEAN

From: A look at the ASEAN-NDI: building a regional health R&D innovation network

DRUG DEVELOPMENT
Country No. involved in Drug Development No. involved in Target Discovery No. involved in Screening No. involved in Product Development No. involved in Clinical Trials No. involved in Manufacturing No. involved in M&E
Bruneia - - - - - - -
Cambodiac 20 10 - 2 - 10 10
Indonesiab 40 22 23 14 18 9 16
Laosb 3 - - - - - -
Malaysiab 33 10 6 7 3 1 3
Myanmarc 19 14 3 - 2 - 2
Philippinesb 19 6 6 3 9 2 7
Singapored 6 6 - 4 1 - 1
Thailandc 90 59 - 12 27 - 33
Vietnamb 18 4 - 6 6 12 -
DIAGNOSTICS DEVELOPMENT
Country No. involved in Diagnostics Development No. involved in Target Discovery Platform Development No. involved in Product Development No. involved in Clinical Trials No. involved in Manufacturing No. involved in M&E
Bruneia - - - - - - -
Cambodiac 4 - - 1 2   2
Indonesiab 21 16 1 4 - 2 18
Laosb - - - - - - -
Malaysiab 50 15 12 11 6 - 6
Myanmarc 2 - - - 1 - 1
Philippinesb 13 11   8 6 2 1
Singaporee 5/546 5 4 - - - 5
Thailandc 31 6 8 3 - - 15
Vietnamb 7 4 5 4 1 2 -
VACCINES DEVELOPMENT
Country No. involved in Vaccine Development No. involved in Target Discovery No. involved in Screening No. involved in Vaccine Development No. involved in Clinical Trials No. involved in Manufacturing No. involved in M&E
Bruneia - - - - - - -
Cambodiab 14 8 1 - - - 1
Indonesia 14 2 - 7 2 2 1
Laosa - - - - - - -
Malaysiab 9 4 - 2 2 - 1
Myanmarb 9 1 8 - - - -
Philippinesb 12 6 1 1 5 1 1
Singaporef 4/110 4 4 - - - -
Thailandb 21 12 4 2 - - 5
Vietnamg 6 - - - - 5 -
TRADITIONAL MEDICINE DEVELOPMENT
Country No. involved in Traditional Medicine Development No. involved in Target Discovery No. involved in Screening No. involved in Product Development No. involved in Clinical Trials No. involved in Manufacturing No. involved in M&E
Bruneia - - - - - - -
Cambodiac 2 - - - - - -
Indonesiab 16 7    2 1 2
Laosb - - - - -   -
Malaysiab 188 8 5 6 2 - 2
Myanmarc - - - - - - -
Philippinesc 16 12 14 8 4 3 1
Singaporeh - - - - - - -
Thailandc 4 2 - 2 - - -
Vietnamb 12 5 6 5 3 7 -
  1. Sources: Scopus (Elsevier, 2010) and country reports.
  2. aNo specific information available.
  3. bData based on the country report.
  4. cData from internet sources.
  5. dAlthough based on the country report, this does not summarize the R&D in Singapore.
  6. eThe country report states five institutions while internet sources indicate as many as 546 institutions.
  7. fThe country report states four institutions while the internet source cites 110 institutions.
  8. gThe involvement of institutions in the specific stage of development is not available in the supplied information.
  9. hNo data available for Singapore.