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Table 3 Factors associated with the level of adherence in participants enrolled in the Food by Prescription program in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2013

From: Factors influencing adherence to the food by prescription program among adult HIV positive patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a facility-based, cross-sectional study

Variable Good adherence N (%) Low adherence N (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Knowledge of benefits
 Poor 77 (12.8) 201 (33.5) 1 1
 Good 141 (23.5) 181 (30.2) 2.03 (1.44–2.86)* 1.78 (1.22–2.60)*
Knew treatment duration**
 Yes 185 (30.8) 254 (42.3) 1 1
 No 33 (5.5) 128 (21.3) 0.35 (0.23–0.54)* 0.39 (0.24–0.63)*
Prescribed RUF
2 sachets/day 173 (28.8) 257 (42.8) 1 1
 >2 sachets/day 45 (7.5) 125 (20.8) 0.53 (0.36–0.79)* 0.53 (0.33–0.85)*
Appetite test done
 No 63 (10.5) 143 (23.8) 1 1
 Yes 155 (25.8) 239 (39.8) 1.47 (1.02–2.10)* 1.28 (0.85–1.94)
Duration of intake
 <3 months 155 (25.8) 225(37.5) 1 1
 3–4 months 40 (6.6) 81(13.5) 0.71 (0.46–1.10) 0.65 (0.40–1.05)
 ≥4 months 23 (3.8) 76(12.6) 0.43 (0.26–0.73)* 0.38 (0.22–0.68)*
Food security
 Food insecure 108 (18.0) 220 (36.6) 0.72 (0.51–1.01)* 0.80 (0.54–1.17)
 Food secure 110 (18.3) 162 (27.0) 1 1
Knew current weight
 Yes 213 (35.5) 357 (59.5) 1 1
 No 5 (0.8) 25 (4.2) 0.33 (0.12–0.88)* 0.49 (0.16–1.46)
Education
 No school 20 (3.3) 81 (13.5) 1 1
 Primary 72 (12.0) 133 (21.2) 2.19 (1.24–3.86)* 2.69 (1.42–5.09)*
 Secondary 98 (16.3) 137 (22.8) 2.89 (1.66–5.04)* 2.80 (1.48–5.30)*
 Tertiary 28 (4.6) 31 (5.2) 3.65 (1.80–7.42)* 3.41 (1.53–7.58)*
Patients enrolled in
 Hospitals 101 (16.8) 143 (23.8) 1 1
 Health centers 117 (19.5) 239 (39.8) 0.69 (0.49–0.97)* 0.77 (0.52–1.13)
Nutritional status
 SAM 55 (9.2) 128 (21.3) 1 1
 MAM 148 (24.7) 230 (38.3) 1.49 (1.02–2.18)* 0.90 (0.56–1.44)
 Weight loss and symptomatic disease 15 (2.5) 24 (4.0) 1.45 (0.70–2.98) 0.66 (0.29–1.52)
  1. *p < 0.05, **treatment duration for RUF (Ready-to-Use Foods); RUF (Ready-to-Use Foods); SAM (Sever Acute Malnutrition), MAM (Moderate Acute Malnutrition), COR (crude odd ratio), AOR (adjusted odd ratio).