Skip to main content

Table 4 Results for the overall and subgroup analysis according to the type of study and treatment

From: Impact of community-based interventions for the prevention and control of malaria on intervention coverage and health outcomes for the prevention and control of malaria

Outcomes Estimates (95% CI)  
  Combined RCTs Pre-post studies Community-based, non-integrated delivery Community-based, integrated delivery
Coverage outcomes      
ITNs ownership 2.16 [1.86, 2.52], 15 datasets 14 studies 0.97 [0.94, 1.00], 5 datasets 4 studies 3.71 [2.62, 5.27], 10 datasets 10 studies 1.24 [1.11, 1.39], 8 datasets 7 studies 5.05 [2.59, 9.86], 7 datasets 7 studies
ITNs usage 1.77 [1.48, 2.11], 16 datasets 15 studies 1.03 [0.91, 1.15], 9 datasets 8 studies 3.75 [2.35, 5.99], 7 datasets 7 studies 1.18 [1.03, 1.34], 10 datasets 9 studies 6.97 [3.10, 15.69], 6 datasets 6 studies
Morbidity outcomes      
Parasitemia 0.56 [0.42, 0.74], 11 datasets 10 studies 0.64 [0.48, 0.85], 9 datasets 8 studies 0.15 [0.01, 2.56], 2 datasets 2 studies 0.39 [0.24, 0.64], 5 datasets 5 studies 0.72 [0.53, 0.99], 6 datasets 5 studies
Malaria prevalence 0.46 [0.29, 0.73], 10 datasets 9 studies 0.52 [0.32, 0.85], 8 datasets 7 studies 0.29 [0.05, 1.78], 2 datasets 2 studies 0.42 [0.25, 0.69], 9 datasets 8 studies 0.29 [0.05, 1.78], 1 dataset 1 study
Malaria incidence 0.70 [0.54, 0.90], 5 datasets 5 studies 0.70 [0.54, 0.90], 5 datasets 5 studies No studies 0.70 [0.54, 0.90], 5 datasets 5 studies No studies
Splenomegaly 0.75 [0.52, 1.06], 4 datasets 4 studies 0.91 [0.74, 1.11], 3 datasets 3 studies 0.57 [0.49, 0.65], 1 dataset 1 study 0.57 [0.50, 0.65], 2 datasets 2 studies 0.92 [0.75, 1.13], 2 datasets 2 studies
Hematologic markers      
Anemia prevalence 0.79 [0.64, 0.97], 10 datasets 9 studies 0.91 [0.75, 1.11], 9 datasets 8 studies 0.53 [0.43, 0.65], 2 datasets 2 studies 0.71 [0.53, 0.97], 6 datasets 6 studies 0.98 [0.71, 1.35], 5 datasets 4 studies
Mean Hb 1.85 [-0.85, 4.55], 5 studies 5 studies -0.03 [-0.40, 0.34], 4 datasets 4 studies 9.00 [8.80, 9.20], 1 dataset 1 study 2.22 [-0.77, 5.22], 4 datasets 4 studies 0.20 [-1.80, 2.20], 1 dataset 1 study
Birth outcomes      
Birth weight 22.68 [-54.26, 99.62], 3 datasets 3 studies 22.68 [-54.26, 99.62], 3 datasets 3 studies No studies No studies 22.68 [-54.26, 99.62], 3 datasets 3 studies
LBW 0.95 [0.63, 1.44], 4 datasets 3 studies 0.95 [0.63, 1.44], 4 datasets 3 studies No studies No studies 0.95 [0.63, 1.44], 4 datasets 3 studies
Prematurity 0.42 [0.13, 1.36], 1 dataset 1 study 0.42 [0.13, 1.36], 1 dataset 1 study No studies No studies 0.42 [0.13, 1.36], 1 dataset 1 study
Stillbirth/miscarriage 1.23 [0.90, 1.69], 2 datasets 1 study 1.23 [0.90, 1.69], 2 datasets 1 study No studies No studies 1.23 [0.90, 1.69], 2 datasets 1 study
Anthropometry outcomes      
Weight -0.02 [-0.28, 0.24], 2 datasets 2 studies 0.00 [-0.28, 0.28], 1 dataset 1 study -0.10 [-0.72, 0.52], 1 dataset 1 study -0.02 [-0.28, 0.24], 2 datasets 2 studies No studies
Stunting 1.11 [0.86, 1.42], 1 dataset 1 study 1.11 [0.86, 1.42], 1 dataset 1 study No studies 1.11 [0.86, 1.42], 1 dataset 1 study No studies
Wasting 0.87 [0.67, 1.13], 1 dataset 1 study 0.87 [0.67, 1.13], 1 dataset 1 study No studies 0.87 [0.67, 1.13], 1 dataset 1 study No studies
Underweight 0.94 [0.78, 1.14], 1 dataset 1 study 0.94 [0.78, 1.14], 1 dataset 1 study No studies 0.94 [0.78, 1.14], 1 dataset 1 study No studies
Mortality      
All-cause mortality 0.81 [0.56, 1.15], 3 datasets 3 studies 0.81 [0.56, 1.15], 3 datasets 3 studies No studies 0.89 [0.37, 2.15], 1 dataset 1 study 0.79 [0.64, 0.96], 1 dataset 1 study
Malaria specific mortality 0.54 [0.21, 1.40], 2 datasets 2 studies 0.54 [0.21, 1.40], 2 datasets 2 studies No studies 0.33 [0.20, 0.55], 1 dataset 1 study 0.86 [0.62, 1.19], 1 dataset 1 study