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Table 5 Summary of evidence according to the type of intervention

From: Impact of community-based interventions for the prevention and control of malaria on intervention coverage and health outcomes for the prevention and control of malaria

Outcomes ITNs, bed sheets, and IRS IPT Community education and cleanliness campaigns
ITNs ownership 2.28 [1.95, 2.67]   0.99 [0.76, 1.28]
ITNs usage 2.49 [1.90, 3.27] 1.07 [0.59, 1.94] 1.02 [0.96, 1.09]
Parasitemia 0.58 [0.36, 0.94] 0.54 [0.37, 0.81]  
Malaria prevalence 0.42 [0.25, 0.70] 0.45 [0.14, 1.47] 0.53 [0.11, 2.59]
Malaria incidence 0.74 [0.53, 1.04] 0.50 [0.22, 1.14]  
Splenomegaly 0.72 [0.44, 1.17] 0.82 [0.52, 1.32]  
Anemia prevalence 0.49 [0.38, 0.62] 0.90 [0.76, 1.07]  
Mean Hb 9.00 [8.80, 9.20] -0.03 [-0.40, 0.34]  
Weight   -0.02 [-0.28, 0.24]  
Stunting   1.11 [0.86, 1.42]  
Wasting   0.87 [0.67, 1.13]  
Underweight   0.94 [0.78, 1.14]  
All-cause mortality 0.79 [0.64, 0.96] 0.89 [0.37, 2.15]  
Malaria specific mortality 0.86 [0.62, 1.19] 0.33 [0.20, 0.55]  
  1. ITNs: Insecticide-treated nets, IRS: Indoor residual spraying, IPT: Intermittent preventive therapy.
  2. *Estimates in bold suggests significant impact.