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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants categorized by gender

From: Immuno-haematologic and virologic responses and predictors of virologic failure in HIV-1 infected adults on first-line antiretroviral therapy in Cameroon

Variables Category Overall Male Female P-value
n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Socio-demographic     
Age group (year):     
 18 – 29 153 (16.1) 19 (12.4) 134 (87.6) < 0.001
 30 – 45 561 (59.0) 144 (25.7) 417 (74.3)
 > 45 237 (24.9) 84 (35.4) 153 (64.6)
Marital status:     
 Currently 303 (41.7) 133 (43.9) 170 (56.1) < 0.001
 Never 231 (31.8) 37 (16.0) 194 (84.0)
 Previously 193 (26.5) 18 (9.3) 175 (90.7)
Income level (XAF):     
 ≤ 50,000* 628 (83.6) 143 (22.8) 485 (77.2) < 0.001
 > 50,000 123 (16.4) 50 (40.7) 73 (59.3)
Level of education:     
 ≤ 7years of school (low) 368 (48.9) 93 (25.3) 275 (74.7) 0.747
 > 7 years of school (high) 384 (51.1) 101 (26.3) 283 (73.7)
Region of residence:     
 South West 788 (82.9) 198 (25.1) 590 (74.9) 0.191
 North West 163 (17.1) 49 (30.1) 144 (69.9)
Management Facility:     
 AMU 111 (11.7) 33 (29.7) 78 (70.3) 0.337
 ATC 840 (88.3) 214 (25.5) 626 (74.5)
Behavioural     
Smoking:     
 Yes 71 (9.1) 48 (67.6) 23 (32.4) < 0.001
 No 708 (90.9) 151 (21.3) 557 (78.7)
Alcohol use:     
 Yes 423 (54.3) 126 (29.8) 297 (70.2) 0.003
 No 356 (45.7) 73 (20.5) 283 (79.5)
 Hazardous alcohol useф 204 (48.2) 61 (29.9) 143 (70.1) 0.960
 Standard alcohol use 219 (51.8) 65 (29.7) 154 (70.3)
Alcoholic-smoker:     
 Both 68 (16.0) 46 (67.6) 22 (32.4) < 0.001
 Drinks or smokes 358 (84.0) 82 (22.9) 276 (77.1)
Clinical history     
TB co-infection:     
 Yes 90 (10.8) 27 (30.0) 63 (70.0) 0.354
 No 746 (89.2) 190 (25.5) 556 (74.5)
Regimen base:     
 NVP 614 (72.4) 145 (23.6) 469 (76.4) 0.044
 EFV 234 (27.6) 71 (30.3) 163 (69.7)
Duration of ART:     
 < 12 months 216 (25.2) 57 (26.4) 159 (73.6) 0.888
 12 – 36 months 390 (45.6) 103 (26.4) 287 (73.6)
 > 36 months 250 (29.2) 62 (24.8) 288 (75.2)
  1. SD-standard deviation, XAF- Central African CFA franc, *50,000 XAF = ~ 100 US dollars, AMU-approved management unit, ATC-Approved treatment centre, ф Hazardous alcohol use (Female < 3 and male < 4 bottles of beer/occasion), EFV-Efavirenz, NVP-Nevirapine.