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Table 2 Bivariate associations with seeking treatment from a formal health facility, for children aged 0–47 months with severe fever in the last month

From: Equity and seeking treatment for young children with fever in Nigeria: a cross-sectional study in Cross River and Bauchi States

Variable Cross River Bauchi
n/N OR (95% CIca) n/N OR (95% CIca)
Sex of child Male 767/2,206 1.04 1,191/2,590 1.02
Female 769/2,276 (0.92–1.18) 1,112/2,448 (0.92–1.14)
Duration of fever ≤ 5 days 866/2,800 0.68 1,537/3,587 0.67
>5 days 662/1,662 (0.59–0.78) 704/1,334 (0.57–0.79)
Number of children in household 0–2 children 639/1,887 0.96 775/1,701 1.00
+3 children 796/2,292 (0.83–1.12) 1,490/3,277 (0.89–1.13)
Sex of household head Male 1,280/3,673 1.15 2,286/4,993 1.27
Female 254/800 (0.93–1.42) 10/25 (0.53–3.01)
Household food in last week Enough 1,260/3,539 1.39 2,108/4,551 1.28
Not enough 261/915 (1.15–1.67) 183/455 (1.00–1.64)
Safety of water source Safe 681/1,720 1.46 918/1,830 1.32
Unsafe 850/2,744 (1.13–1.89) 1,377/3,186 (1.04–1.68)
Mother has own income Yes 891/2,436 1.29 1,476/3,192 1.09
No 550/1,777 (1.10–1.50) 788/1,786 (0.92–1.29)
Perceived relative financial status Average or above 1,026/2,884 1.18 1,896/4,159 0.96
Below average 504/1,579 (1.00–1.38) 395/848 (0.78–1.19)
Education of household head Junior secondary + 975/2,588 1.41 744/1,234 2.20
< junior secondary 541/1,807 (1.17–1.70) 1,533/3,751 (1.78–2.71)
Education of the mother Junior secondary + 989/2,623 1.45 280/423
< junior secondary 535/1,816 (1.21–1.74) 2,019/4,610  
Education of the mother Formal education 1,426/4,132 - 606/979 2.27
No formal education 98/307   1,693/4,054 (1.84–2.78)
Education of the father Junior secondary + 1,086/2,932 1.37 729/1,215 2.16
< junior secondary 401/1,332 (1.13–1.65) 1,543/3,764 (1.75–2.66)
Urban/rural community Urban 407/1,259 0.89 419/724 1.77
Rural 1,129/3,224 (0.63–1.25) 1,884/4,314 (1.37–2.29)
Type of road to community Paved/stoned 1,051/3,085 0.92 859/1,780 1.16
Dirt 447/1,242 (0.63–1.35) 1,425/3,193 (0.86–1.55)
Health facility in settlement Yes 1,269/3,273 2.31 1,533/3,171 1.33
No 239/1,109 (1.57–3.39) 763/1,847 (1.01–1.7)
  1. Associations significant at the 5% level are shown in bold.