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Table 1 Pig-associated zoonoses suspected to be endemic in Southeast (SE) Asia that can cause high fever, muscle pain and other influenza-like symptoms (acute febrile illness)

From: Cultural drivers and health-seeking behaviours that impact on the transmission of pig-associated zoonoses in Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Disease Aetiological agent Transmission route Host animals in SE Asia Estimated DALYs lost per year Risk factors
Brucellosis Bacterial (Brucella spp.) Consumption of unpasteurised dairy and raw animal products; direct contact with infected animals/animal products; inhalation Varies by region and strain – sheep, goats, cattle, buffalo, pigs Unknown Swine contact in high risk occupations; food preparation and consumption practices
Q-fever Bacterial (Coxiella spp.) Consumption of unpasteurised dairy and raw animal products; direct/indirect contact with infected animals/animal products; inhalation Cattle, sheep, goats, cats, dogs, pigs, rodents, ticks, wildlife Unknown Swine contact in high risk occupations; food preparation and consumption practices
Trichinellosis/Trichinosis Parasitic (Trichinella spp.) Consumption of raw/undercooked pork products Mainly pigs; also wild boar, cattle, sheep, dogs, cats, rodents, wildlife Unknown Pig husbandry; poor meat inspection; food preparation and consumption practices