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Table 3 Overview of country-specific EcoZD projects

From: Ecohealth research in Southeast Asia: past, present and the way forward

  Research focus Research methods Findings
Cambodia Risks of zoonotic diarrhoea in rural households Household questionnaires and biological sampling. Humans were rarely isolated from animals facilitating disease transmission.
Indonesia Generating evidence on dog movement and behaviour Surveys for dog demography, fecundity, movement and gathering socio-cultural data. Disproved that dogs were spreading rabies across the island and that culling dogs would control rabies.
Lao PDR Pig zoonosis Questionnaires and biological sampling of serum for pigs and humans. Zoonoses from pigs were common in rural areas Much of the disease burden was related to poor awareness.
Thailand/Vietnam Microbiological contamination in poultry and water Quantifying the microbiological contamination; Focus groups. Salmonella spp. was an important hazard for small-scale chicken slaughterhouses.
Vietnam Exposure to leptospirosis Retrospective study; Questionnaire; and Biological sampling. Exposure was common but infected pigs did not pose a significant risk to humans; rather both pigs and people had risk factors related to environmental sources of infection.
China (Yunnan Province) Whether brucellosis was a zoonotic emerging disease in the Yunnan Province Questionnaire; and Biological sampling of blood and mile from animals/humans. Brucellosis remains uncommon.
There is low awareness of the diseases.