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Table 4 Summary of early findings from country-specific FBLI projects

From: Ecohealth research in Southeast Asia: past, present and the way forward

  China Indonesia Thailand Vietnam
Site Yuanmou Country, Yuanmou Province Pangalengan, Bandung District, West Java Province Chachoengsao Province Hanam Province
Entry points Controlling pesticide use; and Promoting better water management practices. Dairy production; Connecting issues; and Finding interventions for small-scale farming. Proposed best practices among communities associated with rubber plantations to reduce their risk of vector-borne diseases. Livestock and human waste recycling for agriculture; and Impact on human and environmental health.
Research methods In-depth interviews; Household questionnaire survey; Laboratory test of pesticide residues of vegetable and fruit samples; and Data analysis. Literature search; Pre-survey questionnaire; In-depth interviews and FGDs; and Data analysis. Situation analysis; Specific field site visits; and Preliminary survey and questionnaire. Qualitative scoping/interviews; Participatory stakeholder workshop.
Secondary data collection; Samples collected; Data was compiled and initial analysis.
Findings (early results as of January 2014) Two types of farmers in Yuanmou: local farmers and farmers who work on farms and plantations as daily wage labourers. Nearly all farmers in the groups owned their land, farm and cows. Malaria, dengue and chikungunya are an issue in the province; 60% of malaria reported was found in labourers, possibly working in the rubber plantation. The number of households with livestock decreased but the number of livestock heads (pigs) increased; Common method to manage animal waste is biogas; Community has concerns with pesticide use in cropping and manage package after use; and Communes do not have landfill or treatment sites.
Results from pretesting reveal that around 10% of the samples tested positive for pesticides. Main problems are low-quality concentrates, a lack of grass and other foodstuffs and poor management of small farms.
Poor productivity and quality of the milk mean farmers must accept very low prices for their milk.
Some farmers may dilute their milk before sending it to collection stations.