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Table 4 Relationship between patients characteristics and rate of catastrophic expenditures for TB, China 2012

From: Factors that determine catastrophic expenditure for tuberculosis care: a patient survey in China

Variable Rate of Ia (n = 747) Rate of II (n = 728)b
  n (%) Χ2 P n (%) Χ2 P
Age(years)   23.07 0.000   27.66 0.000
 ≤40 56(48.7)    43(38.7)   
 41–59 191(66.6)    139(49.3)   
 ≥60 252(73.0)    216(64.5)   
Gender   1.14 0.286   0.28 0.600
 Male 382(67.9)    296(54.1)   
 Female 117(63.6)    102(56.4)   
Type of TB case   3.39 0.066   0.60 0.437
 New or never treated 390(65.2)    314(54.0)   
 Relapse or previously treated 109(73.2)    84(57.5)   
Residence   5.06 0.025   0.36 0.549
 Rural 468(67.9)    369(55.0)   
 Urban 31(53.4)    29(50.9)   
Education   12.90 0.005   14.31 0.003
 None 108(75.0)    84(61.3)   
 Primary school 175(70.9)    149(61.3)   
 Junior school 161(61.9)    122(48.0)   
 Senior school or above 55(57.3)    43(45.7)   
Marital status   3.58 0.167   4.46 0.108
 Single 399(66.3)    319(54.1)   
 Married 31(59.6)    23(46.0)   
 Bereft of spousec 69(74.2)    56(63.6)   
Employment status   26.77 0.000   30.37 0.000
 Unemployment 40(81.6)    31(64.6)   
 Employment 235(58.8)    177(45.3)   
 Retired 193(74.2)    167(66.3)   
 Losing work abilities 31(81.6)    23(62.2)   
Health insuranced   8.03 0.045   3.02 0.389
 MIUE 24(49.0)    22(44.9)   
 NMCS 453(68.2)    361(55.8)   
 MIUR 15(68.2)    10(47.6)   
 Self-paye 7(58.3)    5(45.5)   
Household size   46.13 0.000   25.82 0.000
 <4 360(75.6)    287(61.7)   
 ≥8 139(51.3)    111(42.2)   
As % of household incomef   16.99 0.000   4.08 0.043
 <50 % 230(59.9)    191(50.9)   
 ≥50 % 269(74.1)    205(58.4)   
Minimum living security householdg 15.66 0.000   1.56 0.212
 Yes 93(83.0)    65(60.2)   
 No 406(63.9)    333(53.7)   
In-patient service 81.36 0.000   50.28 0.000
 Yes 331(80.9)    265(66.6)   
 No 168(49.7)    133(40.3)   
  1. Note: The bold values indicate statistical significance at 5 % level. a: I >10 % of household income, II ≥ 40 % of capacity to pay (non-food expenditure)
  2. b: Of the 747 participants,19 missed household or non-food expenditure data
  3. c: 17 divorced participants were categorized into the group “Bereft of spouse”
  4. d: MIUE: Medical Insurance for Urban Employees Scheme
  5. NCMS New Cooperative Medical Scheme
  6. MIUR Medical Insurance for Urban Residents Scheme
  7. e: 3 participants covered by commercial insurance were categorized into the group of “self-pay”
  8. f: It means patient annual income as % of annual household income in 2012
  9. g: Minimum living security households were authorized by the local civil affairs department if annual income per person was lower than the minimum living standard