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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants, South-Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia, September 2013

From: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased mortality during tuberculosis treatment: a prospective cohort study among tuberculosis patients in South-Eastern Amahra Region, Ethiopia

Type of patients (n = 1314)
Variables All TB n (%) TBNDM n (%) TBDM n (%) P-value
Sex     
 Male 692 (52.7) 642 (53.3) 50 (45.9)  
 Female 622 (47.3) 563 (46.7) 59 (54.1) 0.14
Age in years     
 15–40 928 (70.6) 877 (72.8) 51 (46.8) <0.001
 41–64 285 (21.7) 240 (19.9) 45 (51.3)  
 65–89 101 (7.7) 88 (7.3) 13 (11.9)  
Mean (± SD) 35.74 (±15.2) 35.02 (±15.0) 43.73 (±15.3) <0.001
Marital status     
 Single 395 (30.1) 373 (31.0) 22 (20.2)  
 Married 919 (69.9) 832 (69.0) 87 (79.8) 0.02
Religion     
 Christian 548 (11.7) 508 (42.2) 40 (36.7)  
 Muslim 766 (58.3) 697 (57.8) 69 (63.3) 0.27
Residence     
 Rural 488 (37.1) 438 (36.3) 50 (45.9)  
 Urban 826 (62.9) 767 (63.7) 59 (54.1) 0.05
Education     
 Uneducated 618 (47.0) 558 (46.3) 60 (55.0)  
 Educated 696 (53.0) 647 (53.7) 49 (45.0) 0.08
Occupation     
 Unemployed 376 (28.6) 340 (28.2) 36 (33.0)  
 Student 112 (8.5) 106 (8.8) 6 (5.5)  
 Self-employed 725 (55.2) 672 (55.8) 53 (48.6)  
 Government employed 101 (7.7) 87 (7.2) 14 (12.8) 0.07
Monthly income (USD)a     
 No income 167 (12.7) 156 (12.9) 11 (10.1)  
  ≤ 18.9 506 (38.5) 465 (38.6) 41 (37.6)  
 19–37.9 303 (23.1) 277 (23.0) 26 (23.9)  
  ≥ 38 338 (25.7) 307 (25.5) 31 (28.4) 0.79
  1. TB: tuberculosis, TBNDM: TB without DM, TBDM: TB and DM, SD: standared deviation, USD: United State Dollar
  2. a1USD = 21.1 Ethiopian birr