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Table 2 Clinical profile of study participants, South-Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia, September 2013

From: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased mortality during tuberculosis treatment: a prospective cohort study among tuberculosis patients in South-Eastern Amahra Region, Ethiopia

Type of patients
Characteristics All TB n (%) TBNDM n (%) TBDM n (%) P-value
Type of TB (n = 1314)     
 PTB 770 (58.6) 700 (58.1) 70 (64.2)  
 EPTB 544 (41.4) 505 (41.9) 39 (35.8) 0.21
Sputum smear status at baseline (n = 770)     
 Negative 420 (54.5) 378 (54.0) 42 (60.0)  
 Positive 350 (45.5) 322 (46.0) 28 (40.0) 0.33
Type of EPTB (n = 500)     
 TB lymphadenitis 250 (50.0) 237 (51.0) 13 (37.1) 0.30*
 TB spondylitis 39 (7.8) 36 (7.7) 3 (8.6)  
 TB peritonitis 36 (7.2) 35 (7.5) 1 (2.9)  
 TB enteritis 23 (4.6) 20 (4.3) 3 (8.6)  
 Bone TB 18 (3.6) 17 (3.6) 1 (2.9)  
 TB abscess 18 (3.6) 16 (3.4) 2 (5.7)  
 Others 116 (23.2) 104 (22.4) 12 (34.3)  
HIV status (n = 1306)     
 Negative 1045 (80.0) 958 (80.0) 87 (79.8)  
 Positive 261 (20.0) 239 (20.0) 22 (20.2) 0.96
HIV therapy (n = 261)     
 ART 155 (59.4) 143 (59.8) 12 (54.5)  
 Pre-ART 106 (40.6) 96 (40.2) 10 (45.5) 0.63
  1. TB: tuberculosis, TBNDM: TB without DM, TBDM: TB and DM, EPTB: extra pulmonary TB, PTB: pulmonary TB, HIV: human immuno deficiency virus, ART: anti-retroviral
  2. *Fisher’s exact test