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Table 5 Factors associated with sputum smear conversion, September 2013-March 2015

From: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased mortality during tuberculosis treatment: a prospective cohort study among tuberculosis patients in South-Eastern Amahra Region, Ethiopia

Characteristics Crude HR (95 % C.I.) P-value Adjusted HR (95 % C.I.) P-value
Sex     
 Male     
 Female 0.98 (0.79–1.22) 0.88 0.99 (0.78–1.24) 0.96
Age in years     
 15–50     
 51–89 0.98 (0.67–1.44) 0.93 0.93 (0.63–1.38) 0.72
Residence     
 Rural     
 Urban 1.04 (0.82–1.31) 0.76 1.01 (0.79–1.28) 0.95
Type of patient     
 TBNDM     
 TBDM 0.95 (0.63–1.41) 0.78 0.97 (0.64–1.47) 0.90
HIV status     
 Negative     
 Positive 1.02 (0.78–1.34) 0.89 1.03 (0.78–1.35) 0.86
BMI baseline (kg/m2)     
  < 18.5     
 18.5–24.9 0.98 (0.77–1.24) 0.86 0.94 (0.73–1.21) 0.62
  ≥ 25 0.98 (0.46–2.08) 0.96 0.99 (0.46–2.13) 0.97
Adherence to TB     
 Poor     
 Good 2.92 (1.30–6.55) 0.009 3.13 (1.34-7.32) 0.009
  1. HR: hazard ratio, C.I.: confidence interval, TBNDM: TB without DM, TBDM: TB and DM, HIV: human immuno deficiency virus, BMI: body mass index, kg: kilogram, m 2: meter square