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Table 7 Factors associated with death among TB patients in South–Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia

From: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased mortality during tuberculosis treatment: a prospective cohort study among tuberculosis patients in South-Eastern Amahra Region, Ethiopia

Variables Crude HR (95 % C.I.) P-value Adjusted HR (95 % C.I.) P-value
Age in years     
 15–50     
 51–89 3.09 (1.80–5.29) <0.001 2.40 (0.99–5.87) 0.05
Type of patient     
 TBNDM     
 TBDM 4.19 (2.33-7.57) <0.001 3.96 (1.76–8.89) 0.001
Education     
 Uneducated     
 Educated 0.64 (0.38–1.09) 0.10 0.97 (0.42–2.23) 0.94
Sputum smear at baseline     
 Negative     
 Positive 0.46 (0.20–1.03) 0.06 0.57 (0.25–1.31) 0.18
HIV status     
 Negative     
 Positive 2.38 (1.39-4.08) 0.002 2.59 (1.21–5.59) 0.01
  1. HR: hazard ratio, C.I.: confidence interval, TB: tuberculosis, TBNDM: TB without DM, TBDM: TB and DM, HIV: human immuno deficiency virus