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Table 3 Sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with dengue infection (dengue vs. no dengue)

From: Presence of three dengue serotypes in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso): research and public health implications

Variables Total (n = 379) Dengue casesa (n = 145) (%) p-value
Sex
 • Male 152 58 (38.2) 0.974
 • Female 227 87 (38.3)
Age group
 • Under 5 years 86 31 (36.0) 0.990
 • 5–14 years 86 32 (37.2)
 • 15–20 years 31 14 (45.2)
 • 21–30 years 66 26 (39.4)
 • 31–40 years 58 22 (37.9)
 • 41–50 years 34 13 (38.2)
 • 51 years and over 18 7 (38.9)
Healthcare center
 • CSPS 3 (Dapoya) 42 16 (38.1) 0.017
 • CSPS 8 (Gounghin) 68 23 (33.8)
 • CSPS 12 (Dapoya) 26 12 (46.2)
 • CSPS 18 (Pissy) 90 22 (24.4)
 • CSPS 25 (Somgande) 71 35 (49.3)
 • CSPS 28 (Dassasgho) 82 37 (45.1)
Income tercile (n = 378)
 • Lowest 147 53 (36.1) 0.762
 • Middle 120 46 (38.3)
 • Highest 111 45 (40.5)
Water supply (n = 378)
 • Tap water 278 106 (38.1) 0.982
 • Other 100 38 (38.0)
Waste management
 • Collection service 243 93 (38.3) 0.994
 • Other 136 52 (38.2)
Travel abroad
 • Yes 23 7 (30.4) 0.426
 • No 356 138 (38.8)
Water storage (n = 378)
 • No storage 65 24 (36.9) 0.443
 • Covered containers 296 111 (37.5)
 • Mixed containers 17 9 (52.9)
Fever duration
 • Up to 5 days 329 117 (35.6) 0.006
 • More than 5 days 50 28 (56)
  1. a Any dengue classification (i.e., presumptive, probable, or confirmed)
  2. Numbers in boldface are p-value statistically significant