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Table 4 Sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with dengue infection (confirmed by RDT, PCR or probable dengue vs. others)

From: Presence of three dengue serotypes in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso): research and public health implications

Variables Total (n = 379) Dengue casesa (n = 41)(%) p-value
Sex
 • Male 152 17 (11.2) 0.851
 • Female 227 24 (10.6)
Age group (range 0–61 years)
 • Under 5 years 86 4 (4.7) 0.001
 • 5–14 years 86 3 (3.5)
 • 15–20 years 31 6 (19.4)
 • 21–30 years 66 8 (12.1)
 • 31–40 years 58 9 (15.5)
 • 41–50 years 34 5 (14.7)
 • 51 years and over 18 6 (33.3)
Healthcare center
 • CSPS 3 (Dapoya) 42 3 (7.1) 0.022
 • CSPS 8 (Gounghin) 68 2 (2.9)
 • CSPS 12 (Dapoya) 26 4 (15.4)
 • CSPS 18 (Pissy) 90 6 (6.7)
 • CSPS 25 (Somgande) 71 12 (16.9)
 • CSPS 28 (Dassasgho) 82 14 (17.1)
Income tercile (n = 378)
 • Lowest 147 11 (7.5) 0.195
 • Middle 120 14 (11.7)
 • Highest 111 16 (14.4)
Water supply (n = 378)
 • Tap water 278 33 (11.9) 0.286
 • Other 100 8 (8.0)
Waste management
 • Collection service 243 27 (11.1) 0.806
 • Other 136 14 (10.3)
Travel abroad
 • Yes 23 2 (8.7) 0.735
 • No 356 39 (11)
Water storage (n = 378)
 • No storage 65 8 (12.3) 0.574
 • Covered containers 296 30 (10.1)
 • Mixed containers 17 3 (17.7)
Fever duration
 • Up to 5 days 329 30 (9.1) 0.006
 • More than 5 days 50 11 (22)
  1. a Only cases of probable and confirmed dengue
  2. Numbers in boldface are p-value statistically significant