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Table 4 Association between clinical characteristics and depression and its severity in patients with PTB in the Southwest Region of Cameroon, 2015

From: Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in the Southwest Region of Cameroon

Variable Severity of depression, N (%) P-value
No depression Mild Moderate
BMI
 Underweight 22 (8.3) 22 (8.3) 34 (12.8) <0.001
 Normal weight 73 (27.5) 65 (24.5) 31 (47.7)
 Overweight 8 (3) 10 (3.8) 0
Sputum smear
 Positive 77 (29.1) 69 (26) 58 (21.9) 0.022
 Negative 69 (26.0) 28 (10.6) 7 (2.6)
Treatment status
 New case 95 (35.8) 78 (29.4) 40 (15.1) 0.016
 Retreatment 78 (29.4) 19 (7.2) 25 (9.4)
Stopped treatment before completion
 Yes 9 (3.4) 17 (6.4) 20 (7.5) 0.001
 No 94 (35.5) 80 (30.2) 45 (17.0)
Patient status
 Hospitalised 35 (13.2) 32 (12.1) 39 (14.7) 0.001
 Outpatient 68 (25.7) 65 (24.5) 26 (9.8)
Severity of symptoms
 No symptoms 23 (8.7) 16 (6.0) 0 0.073
  < 4 symptoms 51 (19.2) 55 (20.8) 28 (10.6)
  > 4 symptoms 29 (10.9) 26 (9.8) 37 (14)
Co-morbidities
 Yes 21 (7.9) 39 (14.7) 40 (15.1) <0.001
 No 82 (30.9) 58 (21.9) 25 (9.4)
Family history of mental illness
 Yes 15 (5.7) 24 (9.1) 29 (10.9) <0.001
 No 88 (33.2) 29 (10.9) 36 (13.6)