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Table 5 Multivariable logistic regression analysis showing factors independently associated with depression in PTB patients in the Southwest Region of Cameroon, 2015

From: Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in the Southwest Region of Cameroon

Variable Multivariate analysis
OR (95 % CI) P-value
Age
  > 40 years 1.3 (0.7–2.4) 0.417
  ≤ 40 years Ref  
Sex
 Female 3.0 (1.7–5.5) <0.001
 Male Ref  
Co-morbidity
 Yes 2.5 (1.2–6.5) <0.001
 No Ref  
BMI
  < 18.5 kg/m2 0.3 (0.1–1.3) 0.105
 18.5–24.9 kg/m 0.4 (0.1–1.4) 0.122
  ≥ 25 kg/m2 Ref  
Treatment phase
 Intensive 1.2 (0.6–2.1) 0.723
 Continuation Ref  
Family history of mental illness
 Yes 2.5 (1.3–5.4) 0.013
 No Ref  
Patient status
 Hospitalised 1.2 (0.6–2.3) 0.677
 Outpatient Ref  
Sputum smear
 Positive 1.9 (0.9–3.8) 0.121
 Negative Ref  
Discontinuation of treatment
 Yes 8.2 (1.1–23.3) 0.048
 No Ref  
Treatment status
 Retreatment 11.2 (5.2–31.1) <0.001
 New Ref