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Table 2 HIV, syphilis and HSV-2 prevalence and BED-CEIA based HIV incidence among men who have sex with men in China, 2012–2013 (N = 4496)

From: High HIV incidence epidemic among men who have sex with men in china: results from a multi-site cross-sectional study

Study sites Sero-positive number and prevalence (%) BED-CEIA HIV incidence
HIV(n, %) Syphilis (n, %) HSV-2 (n, %)a Crude incidence (95 % CI) Adjusted incidenceb (95 % CI)
Kunming 79 (12.50) 35 (5.54) 90 (14.2) 13.7 (9.3-18.1) 12.9 (8.7-17.0)
Shenyang 52 (7.83) 65 (9.79) 98 (16.7) 7.5 (4.4-10.7) 6.9 (4.0-9.8)
Ji’nan 83 (12.30) 78 (11.56) 61 (9.1) 14.8 (10.4-19.2) 14.1 (9.9-18.3)
Changsha 88 (12.77) 57 (8.27) 98 (14.2) 13.4 (9.2-17.7) 12.5 (8.5-16.5)
Zhengzhou 65 (13.92) 30 (6.42) 53 (11.3) 9.1 (4.7-13.4) 7.4 (3.9-11.0)
Nanjing 46 (7.77) 63 (10.64) 64 (10.8) 6.2 (3.1-9.2) 5.4( 2.8-8.1)
Shanghai 31 (3.99) 53 (6.82) 88 (11.3) 3.7 (1.7-5.7) 3.4 (1.6-5.2)
Total 444 (9.88) 381 (8.47) 552 (12.5) 9.7 (8.3-11.1) 8.9 (7.6-10.2)
  1. a81(1.8 %) of the total 4496 participants failed test for HSV-2 antibody for lack of sufficient blood specimens
  2. bSensitivity/specificity adjusted HIV incidence