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Table 3 Pooled multivariate logistic regression of factors associated with uptake of HIV testing among women aged 15–24 in the 2003–2004 THIS and the 2007–2008 and 2011–2012 THMISs

From: Factors associated with changes in uptake of HIV testing among young women (aged 15–24) in Tanzania from 2003 to 2012

Surveys Phase 1 Phase 2
2003/04–2007/08 2007/08–2011/12
  HIV testing uptake
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Characteristics
 Survey year 8.71 (6.80–11.15) 1.34 (1.11–1.61)
Age (years)
 15–19 1.0 1.0
 20–24 1.02 (0.80–1.30) 1.27 (1.07–1.50)**
Residence
 Urban 1.0 1.0
 Rural 0.46 (0.36–0.58)*** 0.53 (0.44–0.63)***
Region (zone)
 South West Highlands 1.0 1.0
 Central 1.35 (0.83–2.19) 1.50 (1.06–2.14)**
 Lake 1.34 (0.89–2.02) 1.15 (0.87–1.53)
 Northern 2.13 (1.42–3.19)*** 1.94 (1.34–2.83)**
 Eastern 1.89 (1.25–2.85)** 1.74 (1.27–2.39)**
 Western 3.15 (2.06–4.83)*** 2.65 (1.85–3.80)***
 Southern Highlands 2.08 (1.34–3.23)** 2.19 (1.59–3.02)***
 Southern 1.44 (0.84–2.46) 1.72 (1.07–2.77)**
Education level
 No education 1.0 1.0
 Primary 1.90 (1.46–2.46)*** 1.99 (1.57–2.52)***
 Secondary and above 5.46 (3.76–7.94)*** 4.81 (3.48–6.63)***
Marital status
 Never married 1.0 1.0
 Ever married 1.49 (1.15–1.92)** 1.36 (1.13–1.64)***
Employment status
 Not employed 1.0 1.0
 Employed 0.99 (0.79–1.26) 1.09 (0.91–1.32)
Number of sexual partners over lifetime
 0 1.0 1.0
 1 4.44 (3.21–6.15)*** 3.88 (3.09–4.88)***
 2 4.74 (3.30–6.82)*** 4.59 (3.52–5.99)***
 3+ 4.62 (3.12–6.84)*** 4.77 (3.55–6.40)***
Blood test result
 HIV-negative 1.0 1.0
 HIV-positive 0.86 (0.55–1.35) 1.14 (0.74–1.75)
Had STI in last 12 months
 No 1.0 1.0
 Yes 1.62 (0.97–2.77) 1.54 (0.97–2.44)
Giving birth and receiving ANC
 No birth in the 2 years preceding the survey 1.0 1.0
 Gave birth and received ANC in the 2 years preceding the survey 1.47 (1.18–1.83)** 3.10 (2.60–3.69)***
 Gave birth but did not receive ANC in the 2 years preceding the survey 1.22 (0.48–3.10) 1.51 (0.83–2.75)
  1. * Significant at P < 0.05; ** Significant at P < 0.01; *** Significant at P < 0.001