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Table 2 Demographic, clinical and behavioral characteristics of Tb/HIV co-infected patients by time to presentation for HIV care at JUTH, Southwest Ethiopia, 2013

From: The prevalence and associated factors for delayed presentation for HIV care among tuberculosis/HIV co-infected patients in Southwest Ethiopia: a retrospective observational cohort

Variable Category Time to present for HIV care COR (95 % CI)
Early, n (%) Late, n (%)
Agea < 25 years 15 (13.8) 23 (14.1) 1
25–34 years 64 (58.7) 76 (46.6) 0.8 (0.4–1.6)
35–44 years 23 (21.1) 46 (28.2) 1.3 (0.6–2.9)
≥ 45 years 7 (6.4) 18 (11.1) 1.7 (0.6–4.9)
Sex Male 42 (38.5) 72 (44.2) 1
Female 67 (61.5) 91 (55.8) 0.8 (0.5–1.3)
Marital status Single 24 (22) 34 (20.9) 1
Married 65 (59.6) 100 (61.3) 1.1 (0.6–2.0)
Divorced 13 (11.9) 23 (14.1) 1.3 (0.5–2.9)
Widowed 7 (6.4) 6 (3.7) 0.6 (0.2–2.0)
Education Illiterate 32 (29.4) 49 (30.1) 1
Read and Write 16 (14.7) 35 (21.5) 1.4 (0.7–3.0)
Formal Education 61 (56) 79 (48.5) 0.9 (0.5–1.5)
Occupationa Government Employee 21 (19.3) 27 (16.6) 1
NGO 14 (12.8) 32 (19.6) 1.8 (0.8–4.2)
Farmer 27 (24.8) 53 (32.5) 1.5 (0.8–3.2)
Daily Labor 42 (38.5) 44 (27) 0.8 (0.4–1.6)
FSW 5 (4.6) 7 (4.3) 1.1 (0.3–3.9)
Residencea Urban 80 (73.4) 109 (66.9) 1
Rural 29 (26.6) 54 (33.1) 1.4 (0.8–2.3)
Number of roomsa 1 44 (40.4) 77 (47.2) 1
2 55 (50.5) 55 (33.7) 0.6 (0.3–0.9)
3 8 (7.3) 23 (14.1) 1.6 (0.7–3.9)
4 2 (1.8) 8 (4.9) 2.3 (0.5–11.2)
Watera,b Yes 77 (70.6) 130 (79.8) 1
No 32 (29.4) 33 (20.2) 0.6 (0.4–1.1)
Electricity Yes 79 (72.5) 128 (78.5) 1
No 30 (27.5) 35 (21.5) 0.7 (0.4–1.3)
Disclosure Yes 67 (61.5) 109 (66.9) 1
No 42 (38.5) 54 (33.1) 1.3 (0.8–2.1)
Partner’s HIV Status Positive 72 (66.1) 117 (71.8) 1
Negative/Unknown 37 (33.9) 46 (28.2) 0.8 (0.5–1.3)
Risky Behavior Yes 78 (71.6) 113 (69.3) 1
No 31 (28.4) 50 (30.7) 1.1 (0.7–1.9)
Condom Use Yes 14 (12.8) 33 (20.2) 1
No 95 (87.2) 130 (79.8) 0.6 (0.3–1.2)
Tobacco usea Yes 40 (36.7) 86 (52.8) 1
No 69 (63.3) 77 (47.2) 0.5 (0.3–0.9)
Drinking alcohol Yes 29 (26.6) 47 (28.8) 1
No (80 73.4) 116 (71.2) 0.9 (0.5–1.5)
Functional statusa Work 68 (62.4) 70 (42.9) 1
Ambulatory 37 (33.9) 58 (35.6) 1.5 (0.9–2.6)
Bedridden 4 (3.7) 35 (21.5) 8.5 (2.9–25.2)
Tb Type Pulmonary 90 (82.6) 123 (75.5) 1
Extra Pulmonary 5 (4.6) 9 (5.5) 1.3 (0.4–4.1)
Mixed 14 (12.8) 31 (19) 1.6 (0.8–3.2)
Mode of Tb treatment Entry New 91 (83.5) 141 (86.5) 1
Relapse 11 (10.1) 16 (9.8) 0.9 (0.4–2.1)
Dropout 7 (6.4) 6 (3.7) 0.6 (0.2–1.7)
  1. HIV human immunodeficiency virus, JUTH Jimma University Teaching Hospital, Tb tuberculosis, FSW female sex workers
  2. aCandidate variables for multiple logistic regression (P-value < 0.25)
  3. bAvailability of safe water