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Table 3 Multiple cox regression predictors of mortality among Tb/HIV patients at JUTH, Southwest Ethiopia, 2013

From: Predictors of mortality in a cohort of tuberculosis/HIV co-infected patients in Southwest Ethiopia

Variable Tb/HIV Co-infection Status (n = 272) Crude Hazard Ratio (95%CI) Adjusted Hazard Ratio (95 % CI)
  Alive, n (%) Died, n (%)   
Age in years
 15–24 32 (14.7) 114 6 (10.9) 1 1
 25–34 (52.5) 48 26 (47.3) 21 1.1 (0.5–2.8) 1.4 (0.6–3.8)
 35–44 (22.1) (38.2) 2.2 (0.9–5.4)* 2.9 (1.08–7.6)*
  > =45 23 (10.7) 2 (3.6) 0.6 (0.1–2.7) 0.3 (0.05–1.6)
Sex
 Male 91 (41.9) 23 (41.8) 1 1
 Female 126 (58.1) 32 (58.2) 1.1 (0.7–1.9) 1.7 (0.8–3.5)
Educational status
 Illiterate 61 (28.1) 20 (36.4) 1 1
 Read and write 39 (18) 12 (21.8) 0.7 (0.3–1.3) 0.9 (0.3–2.4)
 Formal education 117 (53.9) 23 (41.8) 0.4 (0.2–0.7)* 0.6 (0.2–1.8)
Occupation
 Gov’t employed 40 (18.4) 8 (14.5) 1 1
 NGO 37 (17.1) 9 (16.4) 1.1 (0.4–2.9) 0.9 (0.4–2.6)
 Farmer 69 (31.8) 11 (20) 1.06 (0.4–2.6) 0.7 (0.3–1.9)
 Daily labour 64 (29.5) 22 (40) 2.4 (1.04–5.3)* 2.1 (0.9–4.9)
 CSW 7 (3.2) 5 (9.1) 6.7 (2.2–20.9)* 9.1 (2.7–30.7)*
Disclosure
 Yes 139 (64.1) 37 (67.3) 1 1
 No 78 (35.9) 18 (32.7) 0.7 (0.4–1.1) 0.7 (0.3–1.8)
Function
 Work 112 (51.6) 26 (47.3) 1 1
 Ambulatory 79 (36.4) 16 (29.1) 0.6 (0.3–1.09) 1.05 (0.5–2.1)
 Bed ridden 26 (12) 13 (23.6) 0.5 (0.2–1.05) 3.2 (1.2–8.7)*
WHO stage
 1 11 (5.1) 7 (12.7) 1 1
 2 55 (25.3) 12 (21.8) 0.3 (0.1–0.9)* 0.2 (0.06–0.5)*
 3 101 (46.5) 23 (41.8) 0.4 (0.2–1.02) 0.3 (0.1–0.8)*
 4 50 (23.1) 13 (23.7) 0.4 (0.2–1.09) 0.2 (0.04–0.5)*
Tb type
 Pulmonary 172 (79.3) 41 (74.5) 1 1
 Extra-pulmonary 11 (5.1) 3 (5.5) 0.6(0.3–1.07) 2.6(0.5–12.2)
 Mixed 34 (15.6) 11 (20) 1(0.3–3.6) 0.9(0.3–2.7)
Risky behaviour
 Yes 153 (70.5) 38 (69.1) 1 1
 No 64 (29.5) 17 (30.9) 0.9 (0.5–1.6) 0.8 (0.4–1.9)
Partner HIV status
 Positive 150 (69.1) 39 (70.9) 1 1
 Negative/Unknown 67 (30.9) 16 (29.1) 1.4 (0.8–2.5) 0.5 (0.2–1.5)
  1. *Statistically significant at P < 0.05