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Table 3 Past neurological history, public health and diagnostic data of HIV+ and HIV– individuals of the matched study population

From: Association between Taenia solium infection and HIV/AIDS in northern Tanzania: a matched cross sectional-study

Variables HIV+ (170) HIV– (170) Total (340) p-value
n % n % n %  
History of acute headaches
 Yes 38 22.4 16 9.4 54 15.9 <0.01
History of chronic headaches
 Yes 6 3.5 4 2.4 10 2.9 0.52
Past or present epileptic seizures
 Yes 4 2.4 3 1.8 7 2.1 0.70
History of psychiatric disorders
 Yes 15 8.8 6 3.5 21 6.2 0.04
Current CNS symptoms
 Yes 7 4.1 1 0.6 8 2.4 0.03
Current PNS symptoms
 Yes 13 7.6 5 2.9 18 5.3 0.05
CC-Ag
 Positive 1 0.6 0 0.0 1 0.3 0.32
CC-Ab by LLGP-EITB
 Positive 4 2.4 4 2.4 8 2.4 1.00
CC-Ab by rT24H-blot
 Positive 4 2.4 4 2.4 8 2.4 1.00
Taeniosis-Ab
 Positive 1 0.6 2 1.2 3 0.9 0.56
NCCa
 Positive 4 2.4 4 2.4 8 2.4 1.00
History of tapeworm carrier in family
 Yes 7 4.1 3 1.8 10 2.9 0.20
Handwashing before eating
 Yes 12 7.1 20 11.8 32 9.4 0.14
Anthelmintic treatment in the past year
 Yes 12 7.1 25 14.7 37 10.9 0.02
  1. CNS central nervous system, PNS peripheral nervous system, HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy, CC cysticercosis, Ag antigen, Ab antibody, LLGP-EITB lentin-lectin glycoprotein electroimmunosorbent blot, NCC neurocysticercosis
  2. aAccording to the revised diagnostic criteria proposed by Del Brutto [10]