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Table 1 Factors associated with STD treatment to clinics among suspected STD-infected MSM

From: Treatment-seeking behaviour and barriers to service access for sexually transmitted diseases among men who have sex with men in China: a multicentre cross-sectional survey

Variables N MSM attending STD treatment to clinics Crude model Adjusted model
N % OR (95%CI) aOR (95%CI)
overall 1 096 391 35.7
Length of education (years)
 ≤6 57 10 17.5 ref ref
 7–12 508 165 32.5 2.3 (1.1–4.6)* 2.5 (1.0–6.1)*
 ≥ 13 531 216 40.7 3.2 (1.6–6.5)** 2.8 (1.2–7.0)*
Sexual orientation
 Other orientation 446 155 34.8 ref ref
 Homosexual orientation 650 236 36.3 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 0.8 (0.6–1.1)
Occupation
 Others 728 256 35.2 ref ref
 Students 98 39 39.8 1.2 (0.8-1.9) 1.0 (0.5-1.7)
 Business service providers 270 96 35.6 1.0 (0.8–1.4) 1.1 (0.7–1.7)
Income (USD)
 ≤500 693 242 34.9 ref ref
 >500 403 149 36.9 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 1.5 (1.1–2.1)*
Main venue of seeking male sexual partners
 Non-internet 400 134 33.5 ref ref
 Internet 696 257 36.9 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.3 (0.9–1.9)
HIV knowledge questions
 All correct 629 224 35.6 ref ref
 Partly correct 467 167 35.8 1.0 (0.8–1.29) 1.1 (0.8–1.6)
Used condom at last anal sex with male sexual partners
 Yes 756 276 36.5 ref ref
 No 340 115 33.8 1.1 (0.9–1.5) 1.1 (0.8–1.5)
No. of male sexual partners in last 6 months
 ≤2 619 231 37.3 ref ref
 >2 477 160 33.5 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 0.9 (0.6–1.2)
Ever bought sex in last 6 months
 No 1 019 369 36.2 ref ref
 Yes 77 22 28.6 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 1.3 (0.7–2.3)
Ever sold sex in last 6 months
 No 1 001 362 36.2 ref ref
 Yes 95 29 30.5 0.8 (0.5–1.2) 1.6 (0.9–2.8)
Obvious STD-related symptoms in last 12 months
 No 750 180 24.0 ref ref
 Yes 346 211 61.0 5.0 (3.8–6.5)** 5.3 (3.7–7.5)**
HIV
 Negative 913 310 34.0 ref ref
 Positive 183 81 44.3 1.6 (1.1–2.1)** 1.7 (1.1–2.6)*
Syphilis
 Negative 715 279 39.0 ref ref
 Positive 381 112 29.4 0.7 (0.5–0.9)** 0.6 (0.4–0.9)**
HSV-2
 Negative 528 229 43.4 ref Ref
 Positive 552 156 28.3 0.5(0.4–0.7)** 0.5(0.4–0.8)**
  1. Note: 16 MSM failed to test for HSV-2 antibody for lack of sufficient blood specimens; MSM: men who have sex with men; STD sexually transmitted disease, HSV-2 herpes simplex virus-2, aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval; ref: reference group #
  2. Multivariate models were adjusted for age, study city, residence, marital status and ethnicity
  3. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01