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Table 4 Key findings from children’s nutrition and health KAP survey and household questionnaire in Burkina Faso, February 2015

From: Prevalence and risk factors of undernutrition among schoolchildren in the Plateau Central and Centre-Ouest regions of Burkina Faso

Children (n = 385) Number Percent
Selected KAPa indicators:
 Water only 344 89.4
 Water and soap 306 79.5
 With ash 12 3.1
 With mud 1 0.3
 Before eating 338 87.8
 After eating 55 14.3
 After playing 28 7.3
 After defecation 85 22.1
 Do not wash hands 16 4.2
Hygiene behaviourc
 Lower category (1) 56 14.6
 Middle score (2) 227 59.0
 Best category (3) 102 26.4
Sanitary behaviour at school
 Using latrines at school 307 79.7
 Open defecation (fields, bush) 71 18.5
 Others (at home, teachers home) 7 1.8
Meals (day prior to the survey)
 Breakfast 330 85.7
 Lunch 351 91.2
 Dinner 358 93.0
Nutritional knowledge
 Heard about malnutrition 69 17.9
Households (n = 385) Number Percent
Household WASHd characteristics   
 Availability of soap (observational) 118 30.7
Type of latrines used
 Flush toilet (i) 0 0
 VIP latrinee (ii) 14 3.6
 Traditional pit latrine (iii) 83 21.6
 EcoSanf (iv) 60 15.6
 Samplat latrine (v) 15 3.9
 No facilities/open defecation (vi) 213 55.3
 Total improvedg (i, ii, iv, v) 89 23.1
 Total unimprovedh (iii, vi) 296 76.9
Nutritional knowledge and practices
 Heard about malnutrition 300 77.9
 Participating child was breastfed 373 96.9
  1. a Knowledge, attitudes and practices
  2. b Multiple responses occurred for the variables characterising the mode (how) and frequency (when) of handwashing.
  3. c A new variable for hygiene behaviour was created using factor analysis with two conceptually similar categorical variables of: (i) mode of handwashing (handwashing with water and soap, with water only, with ash, no handwashing); and (ii) its frequency (before eating, after eating, after playing, and after defecation). Children were classified into three categories with lower, middle and better hygiene behaviours.
  4. d Water, sanitation and hygiene
  5. e Ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine is an improved type of pit latrine, which helps remove odours and prevent flies from breeding and escaping. Excreta are collected in a dry pit which has a vent pipe covered with a fly-proof screen at the top
  6. f Ecological sanitation (EcoSan) toilets are linked to a closed system that does not need water. The toilet is based on the principle of safely recycling excreta resources to create a valuable resource for agriculture
  7. g The total improved sanitation category includes sanitation facilities that hygienically separate human excreta from human contact. In our study, these were: (i) flush toilet, (ii) VIP latrine, (iv) EcoSan toilets, and (v) latrine with slab
  8. h The total unimproved sanitation category in our study included: (iii) traditional pit latrines, and (vi) no facilities/open defecation)