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Table 1 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with T. gondii IgG seropositivity among pregnant women in the rural communities of Taiz, Yemen (2012–2014)

From: A community-based survey of Toxoplasma gondii infection among pregnant women in rural areas of Taiz governorate, Yemen: the risk of waterborne transmission

Variable N n (%) OR (95% CI) P-value
Age (years)
 14–29 241 101 (41.9) 1  
  ≥ 30 118 65 (55.1) 1.7 (1.09–2.65) 0.019
Education (n = 356)
 Primary school or above 67 32 (47.8) 1  
 No formal education 289 131 (45.3) 0.9 (0.53–1.54) 0.719
Parity
  ≤ 2 109 48 (44.0) 1  
  > 2 250 118 (47.2) 1.4 (0.72–1.79) 0.580
Gestational age (n = 355)    
 First trimester 112 54 (48.2) 1  
 Second trimester 124 54 (43.5) 0.8 (0.50–1.38) 0.470
 Third trimester 119 55 (46.2) 0.9 (0.55–1.55) 0.760
History of miscarriage (n = 356)
 No 193 86 (44.6) 1 0.613
 Yes 163 77 (47.2) 1.1 (0.73–1.69)
Employment (n = 356)
 Employed 10 3 (30.0) 1  
 Unemployed 346 160 (46.2) 2.0 (0.51–7.89) 0.309
Type of household water source (n = 357)
 Improved 41 12 (29.3) 1  
 Unimproved 316 152 (48.1) 2.2 (1.10–4.55) 0.023a
Storing water at household (n = 315)
 No 43 21 (48.8) 1  
 Yes 272 121 (44.5) 0.8 (0.44–1.60) 0.594
Rearing animals (n = 351)
 No 150 63 (42.0) 1  
 Yes 201 96 (47.8) 1.3 (0.82–1.93) 0.283
Chewing khat (n = 354)
 No 141 56 (39.7) 1  
 Yes 213 105 (49.3) 1.48 (0.96–2.27) 0.076
  1. N, number examined, n, number of IgG-positive women
  2. aConfirmed as an independent risk factor by multivariable analysis