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Table 2 health indicators for owned dogs by community poverty level, Uganda 2013

From: The impact of poverty on dog ownership and access to canine rabies vaccination: results from a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey, Uganda 2013

  Village Poverty Level
0–19% 20–35% 36–55% ≥56% Total
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Number of dogsa 18 (10.3%) 17 (9.7%) 109 (62.3%) 31 (17.7%) 175 (100%)
Study populationa 380 (8.7%) 343 (7.8%) 1 845 (42.2%) 1 807 (41.3%) 4 375 (100%)
Persons per dog 21.1 20.2 16.9 58.3 25.0 *
Dog Owning Households 3 of 79 (3.8%) 10 of 79 (12.7%) 67 of 357 (18.8%) 23 of 283 (8.1%) 103 of 798 (12.9%) *
Dogs per Dog Owning Household 6 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.7
Modelled Dogs per km2 485 72 49 19 96
Average Dog Age (95% CI) 2.3
(1.1–3.5)
2.9
(1.8–3.9)
2.8
(2.1–3.0)
1.9
(1.5–2.3)
2.4
(2.0–2.8)
Dogs with history of rabies vaccination 18 (100.0%) 12 (70.6%) 56 (51.4%) 13 (41.9%) 99 (56.6%) *
Suspected Rabies Dog Deaths, Past 5 years 0 0 5 4 9
Rabies Rate (annual, per 1 000 dogs)b 0 0 9.2 8.2 5.1
Households with dog deaths past 5 years 7 (8.9%) 11 (13.9%) 49 (13.7%) 31 (11.0%) 98 (12.3%)
Number of Dog Deaths, past 5 years 7 (100%) 34 (100%) 70 (100%) 67 (100%) 178 (100%)
 Injury 3 (42.9%) 16 (47.1%) 24 (34.3%) 22 (32.8%) 65 (36.5%)
 Disease 0 (0.0%) 5 (14.7%) 30 (42.9%) 35 (52.2%) 70 (39.3%)
 Poison 0 (0.0%) 2 (5.9%) 2 (2.9%) 7 (10.4%) 11 (6.2%)
 Natural Causes 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 4 (5.7%) 0 (0.0%) 4 (2.2%)
 Unknown Causes 4 (57.1%) 11 (32.4%) 10 (14.3%) 3 (4.5%) 28 (15.7%)
Dog Death Rate (annual, per 1 000 dogs)c 56 133 78 137 101
  1. arow percentage
  2. bRabies suspected death: dogs that died shortly after displaying at least two of the following symptoms: aggression, biting, hypersalivation, paralysis, lethargy. Canine rabies rates was calculated as: ((Rabies Deaths n/(Alive dogs n + Dead Dogs n))/5 years) × 1 000 dogs
  3. cDog death rate: ((Dead Dogs n/(Alive dogs n + Dead Dogs n))/5 years) × 1 000 dogs
  4. *Indicates Cochran Chi Square P value < 0.01