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Table 2 Factors associated with HIV care-seeking behaviour after HIV self-testing

From: HIV care-seeking behaviour after HIV self-testing among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China: a cross-sectional study

Variablea OR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI) P-value
Demographic Characteristics
 Age (years)
  18–24 1.00    
  25–29 0.89 (0.67–1.18) 0.40   
  ≥ 30 1.03 (0.79–1.36) 0.81   
 Education level
  ≥ College and above 1.00   -  
  ≤ High School b 1.32 (1.02–1.71) 0.03 - -
 Monthly income (CNY)
  > 5000 1.00   1.00  
  ≤ 5000 1.27 (1.02–1.59) 0.03 1.29 (1.03–1.62) 0.03
 Duration of residence in Beijing (years)
  < 2 1.00    
  ≥ 2 0.99 (0.78–1.27) 0.98   
 Marital status
  Married 1.00    
  Unmarried 1.09 (0.78–1.51) 0.63   
 Sexual orientation
  Homosexual 1.00    
  Bisexual 0.84 (0.65–1.09) 0.19   
  Unknown/Unsure 1.69 (0.18–16.27) 0.65   
Sexual Behaviour Characteristics
 Number of male anal sex partners in past 3 months
  < 2 1.00    
  ≥ 2 0.81 (0.65–1.01) 0.07   
 Condom use with male anal sex partners in past 3 months
  Always 1.00    
  Inconsistent 1.02 (0.79–1.33) 0.86   
Drug Use Behaviour Characteristics
 Drug use ever in lifetime
  No 1.00    
  Yes 0.99 (0.80–1.24) 0.95   
 Anal sex after drug Use
  No 1.00    
  Yes 1.10 (0.68–1.77) 0.70   
 Condom use during anal sex after drug use
  Always 1.00    
  Inconsistent 1.02 (0.70–1.48) 0.92   
Use of HIV Self-Test Kits
 Source of HIV self-test kits
  Internet 1.00   1.00  
  Health facilities 2.22 (1.69–2.91) < 0.001 2.40 (1.81–3.17) < 0.001
  NGOs 2.40 (1.76–3.26) < 0.001 2.44 (1.79–3.34) < 0.001
  Friends/Other 0.78 (0.49–1.23) 0.29 0.87 (0.55–1.38) 0.56
 Reason for most recent testing
  Routine 1.00    
  Had unprotected anal sex 0.91 (0.68–1.22) 0.53   
  Had physical discomfort 0.88 (0.57–1.38) 0.58   
  Going to have a new/lifetime partner 0.66 (0.46–0.93) 0.02   
  To confirm a previous result 0.92 (0.56–1.50) 0.73   
  Other 0.54 (0.27–1.06) 0.54   
 Did you consider the “window period” in deciding when to take your most recent HIV self-test?
  Yes 1.00   1.00  
  No 0.96 (0.72–1.28) 0.79 0.89 (0.66–1.19) 0.43
  Don’t know 0.60 (0.43–0.86) 0.005 0.68 (0.47–0.97) 0.04
 Most recent HIV self-test result
  Non-reactive 1.00   1.00  
  Active 1.01 (0.38–2.65) 0.99 0.95 (0.35–2.56) 0.92
  Uncertain 1.78 (1.10–2.87) 0.02 1.60 (0.97–2.63) 0.07
  Unknown     
 Sought healthcare for STI symptoms in past 1 year
  No 1.00    
  Yes 1.21 (0.86–1.71) 0.28   
  1. HIV human immunodeficiency virus, OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CNY Chinese Yuan, CDC Centers for Disease Control, NGO non-government organization, STI sexually-transmitted infection
  2. a Only variables having results found to be statistically significant in univariate and multivariate analyses are included.
  3. b The category “High School” includes also vocational or technical school.