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Table 2 Prevalence of S. mekongi, O. viverrini and other helminth infections among all study participants according to Kato-Katz examination

From: Comparison of novel and standard diagnostic tools for the detection of Schistosoma mekongi infection in Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Cambodia

Helminth species Overall (%) Cambodia (%) Lao PDR (%) χ2a P- value a
Number of subjects 377 (100) 196 (52.0) 181 (48.0)   
Trematode
Schistosoma mekongi 24 (6.4) 1 (0.5) 23 (12.7) 23.5 <0.001
Opisthorchis viverrini 190 (50.4) 27 (13.8) 163 (90.1) 219.0 <0.001
Nematode
 Hookworm 106 (28.1) 14 (7.1) 92 (50.8) 88.9 <0.001
Ascaris lumbricoides 1 (0.3) 0 1 (0.6) 1.1 0.297
Trichuris trichiura 13 (3.5) 7 (3.6) 6 (3.3) 0.02 0.892
Cestode
Taenia spp. 7 (1.9) 1 (0.5) 6 (3.3) 4.1 0.044
Multiparasitism
 No infection 157 (41.6) 150 (76.5) 7 (3.9)   
 Single infection 115 (30.5) 42 (21.4) 73 (40.3)   
 Double infection 90 (23.9) 4 (2.0) 86 (47.5)   
 Triple infection 14 (3.7) 0 14 (7.7)   
 Quadruple infection 1 (0.3) 0 1 (0.6) 228.1 <0.001
  1. aComparison between countries