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Table 1 Basic characteristics of Plasmodium falciparum smear-positive participants at different altitudes along the slope of mount Cameroon, southwestern Cameroon

From: Molecular markers for artemisinin and partner drug resistance in natural Plasmodium falciparum populations following increased insecticide treated net coverage along the slope of mount Cameroon: cross-sectional study

Characteristic All participants MT <200 masl MM 385–575 masl CB ≥ 626 masl P-value
n Values
Age (mean ± SD) [Range] / years 246 13.6 ± 12.8 [0.5–65] 7.7 ± 8.6 (32) 14.1 ± 11.4 (160) 15.6 ± 17.1 (54) 0.014
Weight (mean ± SD) [Range] / kg 217 37.2 ± 24.7 [2.0–110.0] 22.6 ± 13.7 (30) 40.1 ± 24.5 (137) 38.2 ± 27.5 (50) 0.002
Male: Female ratio 246 47.9: 52.1 40.6: 59.4 (32) 49.7: 50.3 (159) 47.3: 52.7 (55) 0.641
Clinical phenotype (AP: UM) 244 25.2: 74.8 35.5: 64.5 (31) 21.5: 78.5 (158) 34.5: 65.5 (55) 0.076
GMPD [Range] (parasites/μl blood) 246 15,715 [1267–1,840,000] 22,387 (32) 16,254 (160) 11,216 (54) 0.081
COI (mean ± SD) [Range] 230 1.8 ± 1.1 [1–5] 2.1 ± 1.2 (29) 1.8 ± 1.1 (147) 1.7 ± 1.0 (54) 0.222
Hb (mean ± SD) [Range] / g/dl 235 10.7 ± 2.1 [6.0–19.0] 10.2 ± 2.3 (30) 10.8 ± 2.0 (154) 10.5 ± 2.1 (51) 0.254
Anaemic [% (n)] (Hb < 11 g/dl) 235 47.2 (111) 53.3 (30) 42.2 (154) 58.8 (51) 0.093
Fever in last 48 h [% (n)] 235 67.5 (155) 64.5 (31) 84.7 (150) 72.7 (55) 0.017
  1. Values in italics depeict significant p values for differences in group means or proportions; AP Asymptomatic parasitaemia, COI Complexity of infection, UM Uncomplicated malaria, GMPD Geometric mean parasite density, masl altitude (in metres) above sea level, MT Mutengene & Tiko, MM Mile 14 to Muea transect, CB Checkpoint-Molyko to Buea Town transect