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Table 1 Balancing Results

From: Effects of improved sanitation on diarrheal reduction for children under five in Idiofa, DR Congo: a cluster randomized trial

Variable Intervention Control Mean Difference P-value
Diarrhoeal Prevalence (U4Y) 45.9% 45.7%   1.0
Diarrhoeal Prevalence (6–19) 12.4% 11.4%   0.731
Diarrhoeal Prevalence (20–39) 12.4% 14.3%   0.511
Diarrhoeal Prevalence (40~) 4.3% 4.3%   1.000
Latrine coverage (Unimproved) 60.3% 68.0%   0.036
Latrine coverage (Improved) 0% 0%   -
H/H Head gender (male) 88.6% 89.7%   0.719
H/H Head age 40.1(11.64) 40.85(10.92) 0.892 0.401
H/H/H Ethnic group 97.3% 99.4%   0.177
Education level (secondary) 62.4% 62.0%   0.351
Education level (primary) 30.5% 30.9%   0.945
H/H H religion (Christian) 92.4% 97.1%   0.004
Income 25,903 (50,536.12) 23,889 (36,762.34) 2014.44 0.574
H/H members 6.15(2.26) 6.09(2.28) − 0.060 0.724
No. of U5C 1.66(0.77) 1.59(0.68) − 0.079 0.146
Mother/Caretaker’s age 30.19(8.96) 31.08(8.96) 0.888 0.192
Youngest under-5 child age (months) 19.83(13.94) 19.95(14.12) 0.122 0.907
Latrine Utilization by all members 6.8% 4.6%   0.413
Main source of water (not-protected) 98.6% 94.6%   0.004
Average time for fetching water (minutes) 115.14(11.07) 94.29(10.51) − 20.849 0.000
Water quantity (liter) 49.94(52.69) 65.06(51.97) 15.113 0.000
Duration of water storage (days) 2.75(1.56) 2.46(1.25) − 0.286 0.008
Water container cleaning 96.6% 97.9%   0.478
Water treatment 3.5% 5.1%   0.359
HW Practice (Before eating) 94.5% 96.3%   0.150
HW Practice (After defecation) 86.6% 83.5%   0.719
HW Practice (Before cooking) 61.9% 62.6%   0.469
HW Practice (After cleaning child buttock) 6.7% 8.2%   0.301
HW Practice (After handling a sick person) 17.6% 14.3%   0.426
Latrine type (covering) 5.8% 2.9%   0.170
Latrine type (roof) 86.1% 81.9%   0.254
Latrine type (superstructure) 65.5% 70.6%   0.271
Latrine type (feces) 24.2% 16.8%   0.050
Latrine type (less than 50 cm) 24.7% 19.3%   0.178
Latrine type (flies) 69.5% 59.7%   0.032
Latrine type (flies quantity) 30.3% 19.7%   0.045