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Table 4 Standardized direct, indirect, and total effects of sociodemographic variables in the model on TB treatment adherence

From: Effects of sociodemographic characteristics and patients’ health beliefs on tuberculosis treatment adherence in Ethiopia: a structural equation modelling approach

   Standardized effect
Dependent variables Predictor variables Direct Indirect Total
Adherence Age 0.006 0.006
Sex 0.001 0.001
Economic status −0.003 −0.003
Education level 0.001 0.001
Marital status −0.004 0.004
Knowledge level   0.018 0.018
Psychological distress   −0.005 −0.005
Cue to action 0.067* 0.067*
Perceived barrier/ benefit −0.124* −0.124*
Perceived self-efficacy −0.075 −0.075
Perceived threat 0.061 0.061
Perceived barrier/benefit Age −0.037   −0.037
Sex −0.007   −0.007
Economic status 0.020   0.020
Education level −0.010   −0.010
Marital status −0.038   −0.038
Knowledge level −0.049   −0.049
Psychological distress 0.076*   0.076*
Cue to action −0.677*   −0.677*
Perceived threat Age 0.028 0.028
Sex 0.005 0.005
Economic status −0.015 −0.015
Education level −0.025 −0.025
Marital status 0.015 0.015
Knowledge level 0.262* 0.262*
Psychological distress 0.068 0.068
Cue to action 0.495* 0.495*
Perceived self-efficacy Sex
Knowledge level 0.059* 0.059*
Psychological distress
Cue to action 0.628* 0.628*
  1. *effect significance at P < 0.05