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Table 5 Risk factors for IPIs

From: Prevalence of and risk factors for malaria, filariasis, and intestinal parasites as single infections or co-infections in different settlements of Gabon, Central Africa

  P. falciparum INFECTION
Risk factors cOR (95% CI) P aOR (95% CI) P
Sex
 Female vs. male 1.2 (0.7–1.9) 0.53 1.2 (0.5–2.7) 0.7
Age group
 5–15 years vs. < 5 years 3.4 (2.0–6.2) < 0.01 4.8 (1.9–13.6) 0.001
 5–15 years vs. > 15 years 14.8 (6.8–37.1) < 0.01 12.4 (2.7–95.7) 0.001
 < 5 years vs. > 15 years 4.3 (1.9–11.1) < 0.01 2.5 (0.5–20.7) 0.30
Marital status
 Couple vs. single 1.9 (1.1–3.3) 0.02 1.2 (0.5–3.4) 0.62
House type
 Wood vs. brick 0.7 (0.3–1.2) 0.19 0.8 (0.3–2.1) 0.72
 Education level     
 None vs. middle school 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 0.19 1.5 (0.5–4.3) 0.43
 None vs. high school 0.7 (0.3–2.1) 0.48 8.3 (1.2–19.7) 0.03
Occupation
 Unemployed vs. employee 0.4 (0.2–0.7) < 0.01 2.5 (0.6–10.7) 0.20
 Unemployed vs. senior manager 0.5 (0.2–1.0) 0.05 1.7 (0.3–8.7) 0.54
Regular bed net use
 No vs. yes 7.6 (1.5–138.4) < 0.01 1.6 (0.6–4.1) 0.29
Location
 Suburban area vs. rural area 5.9 (3.3–11.3) < 0.01 5.9 (2.3–13.1) < 0.01
 Suburban area vs. urban area 3.7 (1.9–7.7) < 0.01 2.8 (1.5–7.1) < 0.01
 Rural area vs. urban area 0.6 (0.3–1.4) 0.25 1.3 (0.7–4.6) 0.28
Antihelminthic drugs in the last 12 months
 No vs. yes 1.3 (1.01–1.65) 0.038 1.4 (0.4–6.3) 0.54
Open water body close to home
 Yes vs. no 1.5 (0.2–3.5) 0.12 2.9 (1.2–8.5) 0.048