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Table 5 Average physicochemical parameters at different mosquito larvae habitats along Mara River basin

From: Spatial distribution and habitat characterization of mosquito species during the dry season along the Mara River and its tributaries, in Kenya and Tanzania

Habitats (No. of sites) DO (mg/L) pH Alkalinity (mg/L) Hardness (mg/L) Turbidity (NTU) Conductivity (μS/cm) Temperature (°C) Salinity (mg/L)
Dam 4.7 ± 1.8 8.1 ± 0.4 100 ± 62.4 87.7 ± 56.2 96.9 ± 142.0 269.8 ± 213.8 24.4 ± 1.9 0.0 ± 0.0
Stream 5.3 ± 1.6 8.1 ± 0.6 126.2 ± 26.5 102.4 ± 68.9 124.3 ± 152.6 290 ± 186.5 22.5 ± 2.1 0.0 ± 0.0
Swamp 2.4 ± 2.7 7.0 ± 1.3 244.5 ± 274.6 58.5 ± 46.7 142.2 ± 108.5 174.3 ± 59.2 23.2 ± 4.9 <0.1
Drainage 4.3 ± 3.8 7.3 ± 0.5 400 ± 282.8 372 ± 393.2 144.8 ± 84.3 168.5 ± 13.4 24.2 ± 0.7 0.0 ± 0.0
Rock pool 6.0 ± 0.7 7.1 ± 0.8 153 ± 60.8 127 ± 69.3 542.6 ± 2.3* 368.0 ± 125.9* 26.2 ± 3.4 0.0 ± 0.0
Puddles 5.6 ± 0.8 8.2 ± 0.5 104 ± 103.0 188 ± 247.7 95.2 ± 131.9 168.8 ± 87.3 25.2 ± 2.3 0.0 ± 0.0
Spring 4.0 ± 0.3 8.3 ± 0.6 124 ± 113.2 183 ± 148.4 134.5 ± 121.7 155.7 ± 88.4 26.3 ± 2.2 0.0 ± 0.0
River 6.4 ± 0.7 7.3 ± 0.4 100 ± 199.2 178 ± 228.8 135.2 ± 142.4 144.5 ± 97.6 19.7 ± 2.3 0.0 ± 0.0
  1. *There were highly elevated levels of turbidity and conductivity in rock pools, probably due to accumulation of dissolved particles