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Table 7 Association between cadre of frontline service providers and knowledge about the clinical presentation and risk factors for rabies, Greater Accra Region

From: Management of dog bites by frontline service providers in primary healthcare facilities in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, 2014–2015

Variable Medical doctors (%) Other Health Staff (%) cOR (95% CI) P value aOR (95% CI) P Value
Incubation period of rabies
 3-8 weeks 13 (52.0) 89 (43.4) 1.0   1.0  
 Don’t know 12 (48.0) 116 (56.6) 1.4 (0.6-3.2) 0.42 0.7 (0.2-1.9) 0.48
Rabies prevention
 Vaccination 25 (11.0) 203 (99.0) 1.0   1.0  
 Don’t Know 0 (0.0) 2 (1.0) - 0.62 -  
Rabies immunoglobulins are given by
 Weight 8 (32.0) 62 (30.1) 1.0   1.0  
 BMI/Body surface area 17 (68.0) 144 (69.9) 1.1 (0.4-2.7) 0.84 0.8 (0.2-2.3) 0.62
Site for rabies immunoglobulin administration
 Infiltrated around the wound 11 (44.0) 37 (18.0) 1.0   10  
 All dosed into deltoid 14 (56.0) 169 (82.0) 3.6 (1.5-8.5) <0.01 3.1 (0.9-9.8) 0.05
Site for rabies vaccine
 Deltoid 10 (40.0) 124 (60.2) 1.0   1.0  
 Abdomen/ Buttocks 15 (60.0) 82 (39.8) 0.4 (0.2-1.1) 0.05 0.2 (0.1-0.5) <0.01
Route of rabies vaccination
 Intramuscular/intradermal 17 (68.0) 130 (63.1) 1.0   1.0  
 Intravenous 8 (32.0) 76 (36.9) 1.2 (0.5-3.1) 0.63 1.4 (0.4-4.2) 0.58
Mode of transmission
 Bite from rabid animal 24 (96.0) 205 (99.5) 1.0   1.0  
 Human bite 1 (4.0) 1 (0.5) 0.1 (0.01-1.9) 0.63 0.1 (0.01-2.4) 0.15
Risk factors for rabies
 Unprovoked dog bite 24 (96.0) 205 (99.5) 1.0   1.0  
 Cut by metal/other 1 (4.0) 1 (0.5) 0.1 (0.01-1.9) 0.63 3.6 (0.4-32.3) 0.25
Primary rabies reservoir
 Dogs/cats Y/N 24 (96.0) 171 (82.5) 1.0   1.0  
 Other 1 (4.0) 36 (17.5) 5.1 (0.7-38.8) 0.08 1.3 (0.3-5.6) 0.71
  1. Bolden figures: significant at P < 0.05
  2. cOR crude odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio