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Table 1 The distribution of snails that can transmit parasitic diseases and the parasites they can carry

From: Snail-borne parasitic diseases: an update on global epidemiological distribution, transmission interruption and control methods

Categories Distribution Ac Cs Fb Fh Of Ov Pw Sh Si Sj Smal Sman Smek References
Achatinidae
Achatina fulica East Africa, America, Brazil, China, Guam, India, Japan, Madagascar, Mauritius, Pacific Islands, Seychelles, Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Zanzibar + [21, 22, 77]
Ampullariidae
Pila ampullacea Thailand + [21]
Pi. angelica Thailand + [22]
Pi. gracilis Thailand + [21]
Pi. pesmei Thailand + [23]
Pi. polita Thailand + [21]
Pi. scutata Malaysia + [21]
Pi. turbinis Thailand + [21]
Pomacea canaliculata Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, California, China, Dominican Republic, Florida, Guam, Hawaii, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, New Nyaya, North Korea, Paraguay, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Texas, Thailand, Uruguay, Vietnam + [21, 77]
Po. lineata Brazil + [3]
Ancylidae
Ferrissia tenuis India + [100]
Ariophantidae
Girasia peguensis China + [21]
Hemiplecta distincta Thailand + [23]
Microparmarion malayanus Burma, Malaysia + [21]
Assimineidae
Assiminea latericea China + [11]
Bithyniidae
Alocinma longicornis China + [11]
Bithynia fuchsiania China + [12]
Bit. funiculate Laos, Thailand + [13]
Bit. goniompharus Laos, Thailand + [13]
Bit. inflate +
Bit. leachi Germany + + [14]
Bit. misella China + [12]
Bit. siamensis Cambodia, Laos, Thailand + [13, 15]
Bit. troscheli Russia + [16]
Parafossarulus eximius China + [17]
Pa. striatulus China + [12]
Pa. sinensis China + [18]
Pa. anomalospiralis China + [19]
Pa. manchouricus China, Japan, Korea + [20]
Bradybaenida
Bradybaena despecta China, East Timor, Japan, Myanmar + [21]
Br. ravida China, North Korea, Japan, Russia, + [21]
Br. circulus Japan + [21]
Br. similaris China, Brazil, East Timor, Japan, Pacific Islands + [21, 101]
Euhadra quaesita Japan + [21]
Plectotropis applanata China + [21]
Buccinidae
Clea helena Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand + [23, 102]
Camaenidae
Satsuma mercatoria Pacific Islands + [21]
Camaena cicatricosa China, Japan, Myanmar, Pacific Islands, Vietnam + [21]
Cyclophoridae
Pupina complanata America, Malaysia + [21]
Helicarionidae
Parmarion martensi Japan, Hawaii + [103]
Lymnaeidae
Fossaria cubensis America, Bolivia, Caribbean Islands, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, Uruguay, Venezuela + [43]
Galba cousin Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela + [43]
G. glaticallsformis +
G. pervia China + + [44]
G. truncatula Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, France, Italy, Mexico, Peru, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Venezuela + + [43, 45,46,47, 104, 105]
Lymnaea bulimoides Mexico + [46]
Ly. diaphana Argentina, Chile, Peru + [43]
Ly. fuscus Sweden + [48]
Ly. humilis Mexico + [46]
Ly. japonica +
Ly. neotropica Argentina, Peru + [43]
Ly. obrussa Mexico + [46]
Ly. ollula Japan, Korea + [49]
Ly. palustris Sweden + + [21, 48]
Ly. rupestris Brazil + [43]
Ly. tomentosa Australia + [50]
Ly. viatrix Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay + [43, 46]
Ly. viridis Australia, China, Korea, Vietnam + [49, 50]
Omphiscola glabra France, Germany, Italy + [45, 47]
Pseudosuccinea columella Africa, Australia, Caribbean Islands, Central America, Europe, New Zealand, North America, South America, Tahiti + [10, 51]
Radix auricularia China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Korea, Poland, + + [11, 47, 52, 53]
Ra. lagotis Austria, China, Czech Republic + + [11, 45]
Ra. natalensis Egypt, Senegal + + [54]
Ra. ovata (Ra. peregra) Czech Republic, France, Iceland, Italy, Poland, Spain, the Netherlands + + [45, 47, 53]
Ra. plicatula + +
Ra. swinhoei China, Japan, Poland, Thailand, Vietnam + [55]
Stagnicola palustris Italy + [47]
Physidae
Physa acuta Japan, Peru + [21, 106]
Planorbidae
Biomphalaria alexandrina Egypt, Libya, Sudan + [24]
Bio. amazonica +
Bio. andecola +
Bio. arabica Saudi Arabia + [25]
Bio. camerunensis Cameroon + [26]
Bio. choanomphala Albert, Kyoga, Victoria + [27]
Bio. glabrata Caribbean Islands, south America + [24]
Bio. helophila Cuba, Peru + + [28, 106]
Bio. intermedia +
Bio. kuhniana China, Venezuela + [29]
Bio. obstructa Cuba + [28]
Bio. occidentalis +
Bio. peregrine +
Bio. pfeiffei Africa, Chad + [30]
Bio. prona +
Bio. schrommi +
Bio. smithi Lake Edward + [27]
Bio. stanleyi Lake Albert + [27]
Bio. straminea Argentina, Brazil, Caribbean, China, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Paraguay, St Lucia, Uruguay + [29]
Bio. sudanica lakes and rivers through central and eastern Africa + [31]
Bio. temascalensis +
Bio. tenagophila Brazil + [29]
Bulinus africanus Kenya + [32]
Bu. bavayi Madagascar + [33]
Bu. beccari Saudi Arabia + [25]
Bu. camerunensis Cameroon + [34]
Bu. contortus Portugal + [35]
Bu. crystallinus +
Bu. forakalii Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, Rhodesia, Senegal, Tanzania, Zaire + + [25, 30, 36]
Bu. globosus Cameroon, Kenya, Lake Victoria area, Nigeria, Pemba, Senegal, Unguja Island, Zanzibar + + [32, 34, 37, 38]
Bu. liratus Madagascar + [33]
Bu. nasutus Kenya, Zanzibar + [32, 37]
Bu. nyassanus Denmark, Malawi + [39]
Bu. obtusispira Madagascar + [33]
Bu. reticulatus Cameroon + [37]
Bu. rohlfsi Nigeria + [38]
Bu. senegalensis Cameroon, Senegal + [34]
Bu. tropicus Cameroon + [34]
Bu. truncatus Cameroon, Chad, Egypt, Nile Delta, North Africa, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sudan + + [25, 30, 34, 35]
Bu. ugandae Lake Victoria + [32]
Bu. umbilicatus Senegal + [34]
Bu. wright Saudi Arabia + [25]
Gyraulus convexiusculus China, India, Korea, Thailand + + [11, 22, 40, 41]
Hippeutis cantori China, Korea + + [11, 41]
H. umbilicalis Bangladesh, China, Thailand + + [11, 42]
Indoplanorbis exustus Camroon, Malaysia, Thailand + [21, 22, 107]
Lanistes carinatus Thailand + [23]
La. purpureus Kenya + [32]
Planorbarius metidjensis Portugal + [35]
Segmentina hemisphaerula Korea, Thailand + + [41]
Seg. trochoideus Bangladesh, Thailand + [42]
Pleuroseridae
Semisulcospira amurensis +
Sem. cancellata China + + + [108]
Sem. kurodai +
Sem. libertina China + [109]
Sem. mandarina +
Sem. peregrinorum +
Sem. toucheana +
Pomatiopsidae
Neotricula aperta Cambodia, Laos, Thailand + [59]
Oncomelania hupensis China, Indonesia, Philippines + + [60]
Robertsiella kaporensis Malaysia + [110]
Subulinidae
Allopeas kyotoensis Japan + [21]
Opeas javanicum Pacific Islands + [21]
Subulina octona Brazil, Pacific Islands + [21, 111]
Succineidae
Succinea lauta Japan + [21]
Su. pfeifferi Norway + [112]
Thiaridae
Melanoides tuberculata America, Australia, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela + + + [22, 32, 56, 57]
Tarebia granifera (M. granifera) South-East Asia, North and South America and Africa + [58]
Viviparidae
Bellamya aeruginosa China + [21]
Be. ingallsiana Malaysia + [21]
Be. quadrata China + [113]
Cipangopaludina chinensis China, Japan, North Korea + [21]
Filopaludina martensi martensi Thailand + [23]
F. sumatrensis polygramma Thailand + [23]
Sinotaia quadrata Japan + [114]
  1. Ac = Angiostrongylus cantonensis; Cs = Clonorchis sinensis; Fb = Fasciolopsis buski; Fh = Fasciola hepatica; Of = Opisthorchis felineus; Ov = Opisthorchis viverrini; Pw = Paragonimus westermani; Sh = Schistosoma haematobium; Si = Schistosoma intercalatum; Sj = Schistosoma japonicum; Smal = Schistosoma malayensis; Sman = Schistosoma mansoni; Smek = Schistosoma mekongi