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Table 3 Environmental characteristics and their association with S. mansoni in Korhogo (March 2015)

From: Risk factors for schistosomiasis in an urban area in northern Côte d’Ivoire

Characteristics Infected
n (%)
P-value
Source of drinking water
 Tap water(n = 391) 21 (5.4) 0.045
 Well water(n = 684) 17 (2.5) 0.008
 Pump (n = 61) 3 (4.9) 0.493
Source of water for laundry
 Tap water (n = 214) 10 (4.7) 0.422
 Well water (n = 880) 30 (3.4) 0.321
 Surface water (n = 5) 0 (0.0) 1.000
 Pump (n = 45) 2 (4.4) 0.680
Source of water for washing dishes
 Tap water (n = 238) 11 (4.6) 0.442
 Well water (n = 845) 27 (3.2) 0.090
 Surface water (n = 11) 0 (0.0) 1.000
 Pump (n = 49) 2 (4.1) 0.703
Source of water for garden
 Tap water (n = 39) 2 (5.1) 0.650
 Well water (n = 132) 8 (6.1) 0.140
 Surface water (n = 11) 0 (0.0) 1.000
 Pump (n = 7) 0 (0.0) 1.000
Type of latrine
 Modern latrine (n = 255) 9 (3.5) 0.850
 Traditional latrine (n = 935) 34 (3.6) 0.331
 No latrine (n = 52) 2 (3.8)  
Drainage of waste water
 Septic tank (n = 145) 7 (4.8) 0.164
 In the nature (n = 954) 34 (3.6)  
Drainage of solid waste
 Garbage dump (n = 318) 13 (4.1) 0.026
 In the nature (n = 780) 28 (3.6)  
House construction material
 Wood house (n = 148) 4 (2.7) 0.936
 Brick home (n = 951) 37 (3.9)  
House light source
 Electricity (n = 838) 35 (4.2) 0.103
 Artisanal source (n = 261) 6 (2.3)  
Existence of surface water
Point at 500 m from house
 Yes (n = 392) 25 (6.4) 0.001
 No (n = 703) 16 (2.3)