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Table 4 Univariable and multiple logistic regression analysis of variables associated with S. mansoni among study participants non-adjusted and adjusted for age and sex and for socioeconomic status of household head in Korhogo

From: Risk factors for schistosomiasis in an urban area in northern Côte d’Ivoire

Schistosomiasis OR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Sociodemographic factors
 Age (in year) ([10–15]/[5–10]) 6.26 (2.30–17.20) 6.05 (2.32–15.80)*
 Sex (females / males) 0.08 (0.03–0.25) 0.08 (0.03–0.26)*
School level of the childrena
 Schooled/non–schooled 0.63 (0.28–1.38) 0.40 (0.16–0.99)
School level of parentsb
 High/low 1.14 (0.46–2.85) 1.37 (0.51–3.68)
Environmental factors (no vs. yes)
 Well as source of drinking water 2.79 (1.20–6.51) 2.93 (1.09–7.92)*
 Well as source of plant watering 0.54 (0.18–1.60) 0.40 (0.11–1.48)
 Tap as source of drinking water 0.47 (0.20–1.08) 0.45 (0.17–1.21)
 Using modern latrine 1.16 (0.42–3.17) 1.27 (0.42–3.86)
 Household at 500 m from surface water 0.29 (0.13–0.70) 0.31 (0.12–0.82)*
 Swimming in surface water point 0.16 (0.04–0.56) 0.12 (0.02–0.66)*
 Fishing in surface water 0.30 (0.07–1.31) 0.23 (0.01–7.93)
Socio–economic status (by PCA)c
 Most poor   
 Poor 4.75 (1.20–18.88)  
 Less poor 2.45 (0.70–8.58)  
  1. *P < 0.05, P-value obtained from mixed logistic regression model with S. mansoni infection as outcome and household as clustering factor
  2. aSchooled = Children educated in the classical system: primary and secondary school; Non-schooled = Children non-educated in the classical system: who never went to school + Koranic school
  3. bHigh = Parents with university and secondary schools level; Low = parents with primary and Koranic school level or who never went to school
  4. cPrincipal component analysis (PCA) based on the possession of: television, radio, fridge, bicycle, motorbike, car, electricity, ventilator, tap water, latrine, brick home