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Table 1 Demographic characteristics, clinical symptoms and basic laboratory findings of study subjects enrolled in the present study in four rural health centres and one referral hospital in Nanoro Health district

From: Treatable causes of fever among children under five years in a seasonal malaria transmission area in Burkina Faso

Category Subcategory N Proportion (%)
Gender Male 369 53.95
Female 315 46.05
Age ≤12 months 201 29.39
>12 months 483 70.61
Temperature ≥37.5 °C–≤38.5 °C 340 49.71
>38.5 °C–≤39.5 °C 242 35.38
>39.5 °C 102 14.91
Duration of fever 1 day 108 15.79
2–3 days 518 75.73
4–7 days 56 8.19
>7 days 2 0.29
Vaccination according to the EPI Yes 449 65.64
No 133 19.44
Unknown 102 14.91
Common symptoms Cough 335 48.98
Diarrhoea 266 38.89
Vomiting 123 17.98
Others 55 8.04
Basic laboratory findings Haemoglobin rate   
< 8 g/dl 180 26.32
≥ 8 g/dl–<11 g/dl 418 61.11
≥11 g/dl 86 12.57
White blood cells   
<4 × 103 cells/mm3 10 1.46
≥4 ×103 cells/mm3–< 12 × 103 cells/mm3 348 50.88
≥12 × 103 cells/mm3 326 47.66
  1. EPI Expanded program of immunization