Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical characteristics of cases and controls

From: Onchocerca volvulus as a risk factor for developing epilepsy in onchocerciasis endemic regions in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a case control study

Clinical Characteristics Cases
(n = 175)
Controls
(n = 170)
Odds Ratio
(95% CI)b
P value
Body weight (kg) mean (SD) 40.93 (13.77) 38.79 (16.70) 0.533a
Height (cm) mean (SD) 145.50 (18.04) 140.20 (22.47) 0.037a
BMI mean (SD) 18.70 (3.44) 18.48 (3.83) 0.961a
Itching 78 40 2.63 (1.63–4.23) <  0.0001
Onchocerciasis suspected skin lesions 28 10 3.23 (1.48–7.09) 0.003
Nodules 07 05 1.39 (0.41–4.66) 0.595
Burn scars 54 03 24.79 (7.55–81.34) <  0.0001
History of febrile convulsions 14 08 2.79 (1.07–7.26) 0.035
  1. BMI body mass index
  2. aAge adjusted linear regression model
  3. bAge adjusted binomial logistic regression model