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Table 3 SWOT analysis of surveillance systems for prevention and control of VBDs in urban settings

From: Effective surveillance systems for vector-borne diseases in urban settings and translation of the data into action: a scoping review

Strengths: research-based operations and community participation; available experience and expertise
Weaknesses: inadequate epidemiological-entomological surveillance; pathogen and insecticide resistance; poor surveillance of residual transmission; hidden breeding sites; time lag between data collection and diffusion; lack of sensitivity of surveillance system (underreporting and misdiagnosis)
Opportunities: capacity building; research collaborations; systematic collection of pertinent data; improved municipal services; use of technologies like GIS to improve data mapping, reporting, and dissemination
Threats: political and geographical situation; environmental and social constraints; financial constraints; emerging arboviruses; difficulty of maintaining resources for surveillance and response in contexts of elimination