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Table 3 Type of study methods, by disease group

From: Scoping review on vector-borne diseases in urban areas: transmission dynamics, vectorial capacity and co-infection

  Dengue n = 20 % Malaria n = 15 % Other n = 15 % All n = 50 Total %
Outbreak 2 10% 0 0% 7 47% 9 18%
Case-control (cluster) 2 10% 0 0% 3 20% 5 10%
Cross-sectional 2 10% 4 27% 1 7% 7 14%
Cohort (longitudinal) 3 15% 6 40% 0 0% 9 18%
Analytical - multivariate 6 30% 5 33% 5 33% 16 32%
Ecological (population study) 4 20% 0 0% 5 33% 9 18%
Spatial modelling 6 30% 3 20% 2 13% 11 22%
Time series regression, dynamic modelling 3 15% 2 13% 0 0% 5 10%
Secondary data only 5 25% 4 27% 1 7% 10 20%
Prevalence – Incidence 15 75% 13 87% 13 87% 41 82%
Odds Ratio 2 10% 1 7% 3 20% 6 12%
Risk Ratio or Similar 3 15% 2 13% 3 20% 8 16%
  1. Methods applied in n = 50 quantitative descriptive studies in numbers and %, for dengue, malaria and other pathogens (some studies employ more than one different study method)