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Table 5 Knowledge of transmission pathways of schistosomiasis according to level of literacy in Korhogo and Kaédi*

From: Correction to: Community knowledge, attitudes and practices related to schistosomiasis and associated healthcare-seeking behaviours in northern Côte d’Ivoire and southern Mauritania

  No education (%) Arabic (%) Primary (%) Secondary (%) High school (%) P-value
Korhogo n = 26 n = 13 n = 33 n = 75 n = 38  
 Drinking unsafe water 8 (29.6) 5 (38.5) 11 (34.4) 32 (42.1) 15 (39.5) 0.817b
 Eating poorly washed fruits, vegetables 1 (3.7) 1 (7.7) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.6) 1 (2.6) N/A
 Swimming in rivers, drains, etc. 11 (40.7) 7 (53.8) 25 (78.1) 51 (67.1) 26 (68.4) 0.035a
 Contact with infected person 4 (14.8) 3 (23.1) 1 (3.1) 4 (5.3) 1 (2.6) N/A
 Walking barefoot on infected urine 3 (11.1) 1 (7.7) 1 (3.1) 8 (10.59 N/A 0.217b
 Contact with dirty water 11 (40.7) 9 (69.2) 10 (31.3) 35 (46.1) 15 (39.5) 0.200a
cOther 6 (22.2) 2 (15.4) 2 (6.3) 10 (13.2) 2 (5.3) 0.230b
 Do not know 1 (3.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.6) N/A
Kaédi n = 189 n = 136 n = 86 n = 76 n = 27  
 Drinking unsafe water 137 (72.5) 76 (60.3) 44 (55.0) 36 (47.4) 18 (66.7) 0.001 a
 Eating poorly washed fruits, vegetables 26 (13.8) 29 (23.0) 13 (16.3) 7 (9.2) 6 (22.2) 0.073a
 Swimming in rivers, drains, etc. 79 (41.8) 82 (65.1) 56 (70.0) 59 (77.6) 18 (66.7) < 0.001 a
 Contact with infected person 9 (4.8) 13 (10.3) 9 (11.3) 5 (6.6) 5 (19.2) 0.058a
 Walking barefoot on infected urine 45 (23.8) 31 (24.6) 13 (16.3) 9 (11.8) 12 (44.4) 0.005 a
 Contact with dirty water 85 (45.0) 73 (57.9) 42 (52.5) 36 (47.4) 16 (59.3) 0.175a
cOther 17 (9.0) 13 (10.3) 3 (3.8) 3 (3.9) 2 (7.4) 0.291b
 Do not know 3 (1.6) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.6) 0 (0.0) N/A
  1. Statistically significant P-values (< 0.05) are highlighted in bold
  2. n: Number of respondents; aP-value based on chi-square test; bP-value based on Fisher’s exact test; cContact with goat urine, not wearing protective shoes, drinking hot water, exposure to sunlight; *Multiple choice question