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Table 7 Knowledge of schistosomiasis prevention measures according to level of literacy in Korhogo and Kaédi*

From: Correction to: Community knowledge, attitudes and practices related to schistosomiasis and associated healthcare-seeking behaviours in northern Côte d’Ivoire and southern Mauritania

  No education (%) Arabic (%) Primary (%) Secondary (%) High school (%) P-value
Korhogo n = 23 n = 14 n = 34 n = 68 n = 33  
 Avoid eating certain foods 0 (0.0) 2 (14.3) 1 (2.9) 1 (1.5) 0 (0.0) N/A
 Avoid drinking unsafe water 9 (39.1) 5 (35.7) 16 (47.1) 39 (57.4) 16 (48.5) 0.430b
 Avoid swimming in rivers, drains, etc. 11 (47.8) 6 (42.9) 27 (79.4) 60 (88.2) 26 (78.8) <  0.001 a
 Avoid urinating in water bodies 6 (26.1) 4 (28.6) 3 (8.8) 17 (25.0) 6 (18.2) 0.319b
 Avoid defecating in water bodies 3 (13.0) 1 (7.1) 2 (5.9) 18 (26.5) 6 (18.2) 0.079b
aOther 5 (21.7) 5 (35.7) 3 (8.8) 7 (10.3) 4 (12.1) 0.082b
 Do not know 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.9) 0 (0.0) N/A
Kaédi n = 174 n = 106 n = 63 n = 72 n = 24  
 Avoid eating certain foods 30 (17.2) 25 (23.6) 11 (17.5) 5 (6.9) 6 (25.0) 0.056b
 Avoid drinking unsafe water 135 (77.6) 63 (59.4) 35 (55.6) 36 (50.7) 16 (66.7) <  0.001 a
 Avoid swimming in rivers, drains, etc. 54 (31.0) 58 (54.7) 38 (60.3) 50 (70.4) 14 (58.3) <  0.001 a
 Avoid urinating in water bodies 76 (43.7) 60 (56.6) 24 (38.1) 26 (36.6) 12 (50.0) 0.053a
 Avoid defecating in water bodies 77 (44.3) 60 (56.6) 25 (39.7) 27 (38.0) 12 (50.0) 0.092a
cOther 8 (4.6) 8 (7.5) 5 (7.9) 2 (2.8) 2 (8.3) 0.548b
 Do not know 2 (1.2) 2 (1.9) 2 (3.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) N/A
  1. Statistically significant P-values (< 0.05) are highlighted in bold
  2. n: number of respondents; aP-value based on chi-square test; bP-value based on Fisher’s exact test; cavoiding contact with goat urine, wearing protective shoes, avoiding drinking hot water; *Multiple choice question