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Table 2 Prevalence and intensity of the intestinal protozoan and S. japonicum infections by gender, age, and municipality

From: Co-parasitism of intestinal protozoa and Schistosoma japonicum in a rural community in the Philippines

Variables Total Blastocystis spp. Cryptosporidium spp. Entamoeba histolytica Giardia duodenalis Schistosoma japonicum a
n % Positive Prevalence Ct score Positive Prevalence Ct score Positive Prevalence Ct score Positive Prevalence Ct score Positive Prevalence Intensity (CNI)
% 95% CI Mean 95% CI % 95% CI Mean 95% CI % 95% CI Mean 95% CI % 95% CI Mean 95% CI % 95% CI Mean 95% CI
Total study sample 412 100.0 242 58.70 54.0–63.5 26.1 25.6–26.7 90 21.80 17.9–25.8 20.1 18.7–21.5 50 12.10 9.0–15.3 28.9 27.4–30.5 79 19.20 15.4–23.0 25.9 24.8–27.0 307 74.5 70.3–78.7 63.2 46.9–79.5
Gender Male 218 52.9 121 55.5 48.9–62.1 27.1 26.3–27.8 42 19.3 14.0–24.5 19.4 17.5–21.4 29 13.3 8.8–17.8 28.4 26.0–30.7 46 21.1 15.7–26.5 26.4 24.9–27.8 163 74.8 69.0–80.5 91.7 62.2–121.2
Female 194 47.1 121 62.4 55.6–69.2 25.2 24.4–25.9 48 24.7 18.7–30.8 20.7 18.7–22.7 21 10.8 6.5–15.2 29.7 28.0–31.5 33 17.0 11.7–22.3 25.3 23.5–27.0 144 74.2 68.1–80.4 30.9 23.9–37.9
Age <  10 years 25 6.1 15 60.0 40.8–79.2 24.3 22.8–25.8 1 4.0 0.0–11.7 24.6 _ 3 12.0 0–24.7 32.4 31.1–33.8 4 16.0 1.6–30.4 27.2 23.1–31.3 15 60.0 40.8–79.2 146.3 0–308.8
10–18 years 40 9.7 24 60.0 44.8–75.2 27.6 25.6–29.5 12 30.0 15.8–44.2 21.0 16.4–25.6 4 10.0 0.7–19.3 31.9 31.1–32.7 3 7.5 0–15.7 24.3 13.7–34.8 30 75.0 61.6–88.4 130.1 15.9–244.3
19–35 years 50 12.1 28 56.0 42.2–69.8 26.2 24.8–27.6 14 28.0 15.6–40.4 21.5 17.6–25.3 3 6.0 0–12.6 33.4 32.0–34.7 10 20.0 8.9–31.1 27.2 23.6–30.8 35 70.0 57.3–82.7 55.0 21.2–88.8
36–55 years 231 56.1 138 59.7 53.4–66.1 26.6 25.8–27.4 49 21.2 15.9–26.5 19.2 17.3–21.0 31 13.4 9–17.8 28.0 25.9–30.2 50 21.6 16.3–27 25.6 24.3–27.0 174 75.3 69.8–80.9 51.8 36.7 −66.8
>  55 years 66 16.0 37 56.1 44.1–68.0 24.2 22.9–25.5 14 21.2 11.3–31.1 21.0 17.9–24.0 9 13.6 5.4–21.9 28.1 24.8–31.4 12 18.2 8.9–27.5 26.0 23.2–28.9 53 80.3 70.7–89.9 44.8 28.8–60.8
Municipality Palapag 293 71.1 161 54.9 49.2–60.6 26.6 25.9–27.3 73 24.9 20.3–30.2 19.4 18.0–20.9 27 9.2 6.4–1.3 28.6 26.5–30.6 62 21.2 16.9–26.2 26.4 25.2–27.6 212 72.4 67.0–77.3 49.7 36.3–63.1
Laoang 119 28.9 81 68.1 59.2–75.8 25.2 24.3–26.0 17 14.3 9.1–21.7 23.0 18.7–27.2 23 19.3 13.2–27.3 29.4 26.7–32.0 17 14.3 9.1–21.7 24.1 20.8–28.4 95 79.8 71.7–86.1 93.4 50.0–136.7
  1. Abbreviations: CNI gene copy number index, Ct Cycle threshold
  2. addPCR analysis of faecal DNA. Information in this column is reproduced here from our previous publication (reference [40]) for comparison