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Table 3 Prevalence of multiple co-infections with intestinal protozoa and S. japonicum by gender, age and municipality categories

From: Co-parasitism of intestinal protozoa and Schistosoma japonicum in a rural community in the Philippines

Variables Total Single infection Dual infection Triple infection Quadruple infection
n % Positive Prevalence Positive Prevalence Positive Prevalence Positive Prevalence
% 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI
Total study sample 412 100.0 115 27.9 23.6–32.2 175 42.5 37.7–47.2 76 18.4 14.7–22.2 15 3.6 1.8–5.4
Gender Male 218 52.9 62 28.4 22.5–34.4 88 40.4 33.9–46.9 41 18.8 13.6–24.0 10 4.6 1.8–7.4
Female 194 47.1 53 27.3 21.0–33.6 87 44.8 37.8–51.8 35 18.0 12.6–23.5 5 2.6 0.3–4.8
Age <  10 years 25 6.1 11 44.0 24.5–63.5 6 24.0 7.3–40.7 5 20.0 4.3–35.7 0 0.0 0.0
10–18 years 40 9.7 10 25.0 11.6–38.4 20 50.0 34.5–65.5 5 12.5 2.3–22.7 2 5.0 0.0–11.8
19–35 years 50 12.1 15 30.0 17.3–42.7 19 38.0 24.5–51.5 8 16.0 5.8–26.2 2 4.0 0.0–9.4
36–55 years 231 56.1 59 25.5 19.9–31.2 105 45.5 39.0–51.5 41 17.7 12.8–22.7 10 4.3 1.7–7.0
>  55 years 66 16.0 20 30.3 19.2–41.4 25 37.9 26.2–49.6 17 25.8 15.2–36.3 1 1.5 0.0–4.5
Municipality Palapag 293 71.1 89 30.4 25.4–35.9 119 40.6 35.1–46.3 51 17.4 13.5–22.2 13 4.4 2.6–7.5
Laoang 119 28.9 26 21.8 15.4–30.1 56 47.1 38.3–56.0 25 21.0 14.7–29.2 5 4.2 1.8–9.5