Skip to main content

Table 3 Perceived needs for financial support for each cost item and their actual costs, median (IQR), in USD

From: Effect of financial support on reducing the incidence of catastrophic costs among tuberculosis-affected households in Indonesia: eight simulated scenarios

Cost items Perceived needsa Actual costsb
Total Poor Non-Poor P** Total Poor Non-Poor
n (%) Median (IQR) n (%) Median (IQR) n (%) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR)
TB n = 282   n = 175   n = 107      
 Income loss, per month 68 (24) 75 (112) 40 (23) 75 (112) 28 (26) 75 (131) <  0.001 86 (127)c 75 (77)c 149 (185)c
         75 (112)d 61 (87)d 142 (174)d
 Transportation, per visit 54 (19) 4 (5) 42 (24) 2 (2) 12 (11) 7 (17) <  0.001 0 (1) 1 (1) 0 (0)
 Food-supplement, per month 42 (15) 22 (37) 24 (14) 22 (21) 18 (17) 34 (60) <  0.001 2 (11) 1 (9) 3 (15)
 Consultation, per visit 11 (4) 13 (19) 6 (3) 10 (21) 5 (5) 22 (26) <  0.001 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Drugs, per month 11 (4) 15 (33) 8 (5) 10 (15) 3 (3) 37 (4) 0.188 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Food, per visit 3 (1) 4 (3) 2 (1) 2 (3) 1 (1) 7 (0) 0.477 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Other disease(s), per visit 1 (0) 7 (0) 1 (1) 7 (0) 0 (0) N/A N/A N/Ae N/Ae N/Ae
 Guardian, per visit 1 (0) 7 (0) 1 (1) 7 (0) 0 (0) N/A N/A 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
MDR-TB n = 64   n = 23   n = 41      
 Income loss, per month 22 (34) 205 (121) 6 (26) 176 (80) 16 (39) 224 (174) 0.367 183 (105)c 149 (191)c 205 (149)c
         176 (114)d 123 (180)d 183 (149)d
 Transportation, per visit 27 (42) 4 (11) 10 (43) 3 (13) 17 (41) 4 (8) 0.223 1 (2) 1 (2) 1 (2)
 Food-supplements, per month 5 (8) 22 (34) 3 (13) 30 (26) 2 (5) 19 (7) 0.200 15 (29) 15 (30) 15 (24)
 Consultation, per visit 0 (0) N/A 0 (0) N/A 0 (0) N/A N/A 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Drug, per month 0 (0) N/A 0 (0) N/A 0 (0) N/A N/A 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Food, per visit 3 (5) 1 (1) 2 (9) 1 (0) 1 (2) 2 (0) 1.000 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1)
 Other disease(s), per visit 0 (0) N/A 0 (0) N/A 0 (0) N/A N/A N/Ae N/Ae N/Ae
 Guardian, per visit 1 (2) 7 (0) 0 (0) N/A 1 (2) 7 (0) N/A 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  1. aThe value of perceived needs for financial support were calculated only on the basis of information provided by those who indicated that they need financial support for each specific cost item. b Actual costs except for income loss were calculated on the basis of information from all patients; c Actual costs for income loss were calculated on the basis of information from patients who experienced job loss after diagnosis; d Actual costs for income loss were calculated on the basis of information from patients who had experienced personal income loss regardless of whether or not they had experienced job loss after diagnosis; N/A, not applicable; e During the interview, no specific question was asked on actual costs for other diseases; **P-values indicate the statistical significance of differences regarding the value of perceived needs between poor and non-poor households per cost item